An accounting degree prepares graduates for a wide range of careers in accounting-related fields, from becoming a certified public accountant (CPA) to working in auditing, fraud examination, financial analysis, or management accounting. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that nearly every speciality within the field of accounting will grow over the next decade. Additionally, because many career specialties exist within the field of accounting, prospective accounting students can choose from a multitude of degree options.
Students pursuing an accounting degree online complete coursework related to core accounting skills, such as payroll preparation, financial analysis, and tax accounting. Graduate-level accounting degrees may focus on specialized research and advanced coursework in several specialities, including auditing, taxation, and business accounting. While a CPA is the most popular accounting-related certification, graduates from accounting programs can pursue several certifications and licenses, which can increase their earning potential and provide additional career opportunities.
Many accountants work in finance-related fields, and an undergraduate degree in accounting can prepare students for graduate work or a career in finance.
Accountants must have an eye for numbers and solid quantitative analysis skills. While many accountants work with money, an accounting degree is not the same as a degree in finance. Accounting focuses on the concrete numbers in financial records, with tasks that include budgeting, audits, taxes, and business accounting. Alternatively, finance degrees emphasize skills in investment management. However, many accountants work in finance-related fields, and an undergraduate degree in accounting can prepare students for graduate work or a career in finance. An accounting degree provides career training in a lucrative field, making it one of today’s more popular degree programs.
What’s the Benefit of Earning Your Accounting Degree Online?
An online accounting degree program offers increased flexibility and allows learners to earn degrees from prestigious institutions located far from their home. Online accounting degrees meet the same rigorous standards as traditional programs, with added benefits such as 24/7 access to course materials and a more diverse student body. The ability to earn accounting degrees online also benefits non-traditional students who want to advance their career prospects or pursue work in a new field.
Online accounting degrees offer greater accessibility than traditional programs. Students in an online degree program can access online lectures from anywhere in the world at their convenience, making this an ideal option for working students or students with family-related obligations.
An online accounting degree provides an increased level of flexibility unmatched by traditional programs. Institutions that offer accounting degrees online may let incoming students start every eight weeks; they do not have to wait until the beginning of a semester. Additionally, courses may be offered on a variety of schedules, allowing learners to pursue a degree at their own pace on an accelerated or part-time basis.
- School Options
A student’s local college or university may not have an accounting program that is well-suited to meet their career goals. However, many of the best online accounting degrees are open to students regardless of their location. Distance learners can attend schools across the state or on the other side of the country.
An online accounting degree program can attract learners from different backgrounds as well as international students, giving accounting students the opportunity to network with a wide group of people; this is an advantage that online programs have over traditional programs.
As a field, accounting relies heavily on technology. Students who earn an accounting degree online demonstrate their proficiency at using a variety of field-specific computer programs. Distance learners also rely on technology to connect them with their classmates and teachers, allowing them to network and interact with professors and access online university resources.
Types of Accounting Degrees
Accounting programs provide professional degrees that prepare graduates to work as accountants. As with many other business fields, students interested in pursuing a degree in accounting have several options. High school graduates can pursue an associate degree or a bachelor’s degree in accounting, which typically require two and four years of study, respectively. The Bureau of Labor Statistics considers the bachelor’s degree to be the entry-level education for careers in accounting, but many employers prefer to hire applicants with a master’s degree in accounting. Master’s work also prepares graduates to take the CPA exam.
While a master’s degree requires both a bachelor’s education and 1-2 years of additional graduate-level coursework, master’s degree holders have better career opportunities and higher median salaries. At the highest level, students can earn a doctorate in accounting, which prepares them for careers in academia as researchers and/or professors. In the professional world, a master’s degree is typically considered the most valuable degree.
|Associate Degree in Accounting||$44,869|
|Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting||$48,323|
|Master’s Degree in Accounting||$52,117|
Associate Degree in Accounting
An associate degree in accounting is a two-year degree that provides a solid background in accounting basics. Coursework includes foundational classes, such as tax accounting, payroll accounting, and bookkeeping, as well as classes that cover accounting software and spreadsheet techniques. Because the degree can be earned in two years, graduates can quickly enter the workforce and assume entry-level jobs.
Earning an associate accounting degree online prepares graduates for careers as accounting clerks, bookkeepers, and accounting assistants. This degree can also serve as a foundation for a bachelor’s degree, with many bachelor’s programs accepting 60 or more transfer credits from associate degree holders.
Applicants who wish to earn an online associate degree in accounting must have a high school diploma or a GED certificate. Prospective students may also be required to complete writing and math assessments to test out of prerequisite courses. However, most associate programs do not require applicants to submit SAT or ACT scores. Associate programs typically require 60 credits and can be completed in two years or fewer by full-time students.
- Accounting Software
Accounting spreadsheet and software classes give students a background in computer programs related to the field, covering data analysis, problem solving, and accounting tasks; these skills come in handy throughout the discipline.
- Income Tax Accounting
Classes on taxation provide an overview of income taxes for individuals and businesses. These courses focus on tax law and the preparation of tax returns.
- Payroll Accounting
Payroll accounting provides a foundation in payroll methods, including wages, payroll taxes, and computing wages. Specific topics include exemptions, calculating unemployment taxes, and preparing tax forms. Students proficient in these areas can work in payroll offices.
These types of courses offer instruction in bookkeeping and record-keeping for accountants, including adjusting entries, depreciation, inventory, and correction of errors.
- Ethics in Accounting
Ethics classes introduce learners to the professional codes of conduct and ethics used by professional accountants.
Bachelor’s Degree in Accounting
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, accounting is an expanding field, and a bachelor’s degree is the typical entry-level degree required to work in this field. Students can earn a bachelor of science, bachelor of business administration (BBA), or bachelor of accountancy (BAC), each of which provides core skills in accounting.
Online accounting bachelor’s degree programs often emphasize accounting software and computing technology, along with foundational coursework in auditing, taxation, and business accounting. In addition to traditional jobs in bookkeeping, payroll, and tax preparation, a bachelor’s degree prepares graduates for careers in finance-related accounting such as financial planning, analysis, and corporate accounting. An online bachelor’s degree in accounting also prepares graduates to pursue a master’s degree in accounting or a related field, which may be required to become a CPA or pursue other jobs.
Earning a bachelor’s in accounting requires both core accounting coursework and an institution’s general education requirements, which vary by school. Applicants should have a high school diploma, and many schools require students to submit their SAT or ACT scores. Most programs require individuals to complete 120 credits of classes, which full-time learners typically finish in four years. Incoming students who already have an associate degree in accounting or other transfer credits may be able to earn their degree more quickly.
Auditing covers the process of verifying and reporting external financial statements, including auditing procedures, standards, and the analysis of financial statements.
- Government and Nonprofit Accounting
Public and nonprofit accounting classes focus on accounting for the government and not-for-profit companies. Relevant topics include government financial reporting, operating statements and budgetary accounting, and other specialized skills for graduates who plan to pursue accounting careers in the public or nonprofit sector.
- Business Taxation
Taxation for businesses includes tax issues related to corporations, flow-through businesses, and exempt business entities.
- Cost Accounting
Cost accounting covers internal planning and control cycles, practical accounting, and procedural applications. Students cover topics such as job costing, profit analysis, budgeting, and forecasting.
- Advanced Accounting
In advanced accounting classes, students explore the theory, practice, and procedures behind accounting, including advanced coursework in business accounting and accounting for foreign currency transactions.
Master’s Degree in Accounting
Students can follow several different paths to earn an online master’s in accounting; for example, they can pursue a master of accountancy, a master of science in accounting, or a master of business administration with a focus in accounting. Earning a master’s in accounting online can prepare graduates to sit for the CPA exam, which lets professional accountants pursue the field’s most senior positions.
Online master’s in accounting programs typically require core accounting courses along with electives that allow students to customize their degree to match their career goals. Some programs also require internships or capstone projects. Individuals who earn a master’s in accounting online can pursue careers as CPAs, certified management accountants, or certified internal auditors. The advanced knowledge earned in a master’s program allows graduates to work in public or private accounting in a variety of industries, including at large accounting firms.
Most graduate programs in accounting do not require students to have an undergraduate accounting degree, but students must hold a bachelor’s degree. Some programs also require applicants to submit GMAT scores. Once admitted, students typically complete between 30 and 60 credits of coursework to earn a master’s degree in accounting; this typically requires 1-2 years of study.
- Managerial and Cost Accounting
Covering topics like management planning, budgeting, and managerial decision making with accounting information, these types of classes prepare accountants to act as advisors to business decision makers.
- Financial Reporting
Financial reporting instructs students how to ensure the accuracy of financial reports, both for public companies and other organizations. Coursework focuses on standards, accounting law, and international financial accounting.
- Data Analysis
A core skill in accounting, data analysis prepares accountants to collect and analyze data to make decisions, particularly in a business environment. Classes emphasize the systems, tools, and practices used to analyze data to make strategic business decisions.
Graduate-level auditing courses cover high-level auditing functions used to report financial information, including analytical techniques, professional ethics, and communicating accounting data.
Specialized courses like negotiation introduce accountants to business skills, including negotiation principles, practical negotiation strategies, and tactics when negotiating various business agreements such as client contracts, job offers, and auditing information.
Doctoral Degree in Accounting
A doctoral degree in accounting prepares graduates for high-level jobs, including careers in academia as professors and/or researchers. As the terminal degree in accounting, a doctorate includes advanced coursework in theory and research methods, as well as comprehensive exams that may be oral and/or written. A doctoral program culminates with the defense of a student’s dissertation. The curriculum typically requires 90-120 credits, and full-time students can earn their diploma in 4-7 years.
Doctoral programs require students to produce original research in the form of a dissertation, which should make a unique contribution to the field. A student’s doctoral coursework typically focuses on developing the research skills needed to complete their dissertation, and PhD candidates may be required to successfully defend a dissertation proposal before embarking on their dissertation project.
Prospective students do not typically need a master’s degree in accounting, but they must have completed a bachelor’s degree, and most programs require a strong background in accounting. Many doctoral-level online accounting degree programs also require students to submit GMAT scores. A doctorate in accounting allows graduates to teach accounting at the college level or work in public policy analysis and corporate consulting.
- Advanced Topics in Accounting
Advanced courses cover current accounting research and require in-depth study. Course topics can often be designed to match a student’s interests.
- Theory of Accounting
Theoretical classes provide a thorough analysis of important scholarly literature on the theory and practice of accounting, often requiring students to present original work.
- Ethical Reasoning in Accounting
An ethics and reasoning class requires in-depth analysis of the foundational ethical issues of accounting, including philosophies of accounting and the theoretical framework of ethical decision making.
- Tax Law
Tax law builds on the foundational knowledge of individual and business taxes, teaching students to understand tax jurisprudence, including legislative decision making and current theories about taxation.
- Quantitative Methods for Accounting
As a core accounting skill, quantitative methods provide the research skills needed to complete and defend a dissertation in accounting, including data analysis techniques, variability, and forecasting business performance.
Accounting Concentrations and Specialties
While many students interested in accounting might initially assume that pursuing a CPA is their only career path, this is not the case. In fact, fewer than 50% of all accountants hold the CPA designation. There are multiple specialities within the accounting field that can lead to a range of career opportunities. A degree in accounting, particularly at the bachelor’s or master’s level, prepares graduates for any number of accounting concentrations and specialities.
- Accounting Information Systems
Combining business, management, and accounting, careers in AIS require accountants to develop and design systems, analyze budgets and financial statements, and prepare tax returns. AIS professionals work for large corporations, government agencies, and financial firms.
- Audit Accounting
Audit accountants perform systematics review of an agency’s or corporation’s financial records. These accountants investigate a company’s financial statements, as well as the processes used to prepare these statements. Auditors may represent external third parties or internal auditors employed by a corporation.
- Fiduciary Accounting
Accountants who act in a fiduciary capacity manage funds or trusts for clients or a court. Fiduciary accountants often deal in estates. They may also be responsible for investment analysis and tax preparation.
- Forensic Accounting
Working within the legal system, forensic accountants uncover financial fraud and help send perpetrators to prison. Accountants in this field may work for private companies to prevent corporate fraud or for the government where they investigate financial fraud.
- Governmental Accounting
Accountants work at all levels of the government, including federal, state, and local offices, in a variety of capacities. They may act as bookkeepers for government agencies, as auditors who uphold government regulations, or as tax collectors.
- Managerial Accounting
Accountants who specialize in management and managerial issues provide company executives with analysis and forecasts to help them make business decisions. These professionals may also assist in preparing financial reports for shareholders. Most managerial accountants work for large companies.
- Public Accounting
The field of public accounting includes accountants who work as independent third parties to examine financial statements and accounting of clients, which can include government agencies, corporations, nonprofits, and individuals. Many public accountants specialize in tax preparation or auditing financial statements.
Accounting Licenses and Certifications
While the CPA is the most popular accounting certification, with nearly 50% of professional accountants holding the designation, accounting graduates can pursue many other licenses and certifications, including specializations in auditing, management accounting, fraud examination, and financial analysis. These certifications prepare accountants for a range of roles and careers.
- Certified Financial Analyst (CFA)
Accountants interested in a career in finance may pursue a certification in financial analysis. In order to earn this designation, candidates must pass all three levels of the CFA exam, earn two years of professional work experience, and join the CFA institute. Fewer than 30% of people who take the first test go on to pass the third.
- Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
CMAs specialize in strategic management and financial accounting. This designation is granted by the Institute of Management Accountants. Candidates must hold a bachelor’s degree and have two years of professional experience in management accounting. CMAs can pursue executive-level jobs in management accounting.
- Enrolled Agent (EA)
An enrolled agent is a tax professional who can represent taxpayers in matters involving the IRS. EAs do not need to have a college degree, but they must have five years of taxation experience with the IRS or pass an exam. CPAs can serve as EAs without taking the exam, but all EAs must complete at least 72 hours of continuing education every 36 months.
- Certified Internal Auditor (CIA)
Certified internal auditors specialize in internal audits, working for government agencies, financial institutions, or corporations. This certification requires a bachelor’s degree and two years of work experience in an internal auditing field.
- Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)
CISAs work in information systems. This designation is issued by the Information Systems Audit and Control Association, which is an internationally-recognized organization. To earn this certification, candidates must pass a comprehensive exam and meet work experience requirements.
- Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE)
The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners certifies CFEs. CFEs must hold a bachelor’s degree in accounting and have two years of experience in a fraud-related field. They must also pass a certification exam. This certification prepares fraud examiners to move into executive positions.
- Certified Government Auditing Professional (CGAP)
The Institute of Internal Auditors offers a government auditing professional certification. While this certification does not require a bachelor’s degree, work experience requirements are higher for people who hold only an associate degree. Candidates must also pass an exam.
- Certified Bank Auditor (CBA)
These professionals work as financial auditing professionals. This certification is awarded by the Bank Administration Institute. CBAs must pass a four-part exam, which includes new industry developments, within a three-year period. Candidates must also hold a bachelor’s degree or higher and meet work experience requirements.
Earning a Certified Public Accountant (CPA)
Workers who become CPAs have met rigorous professional standards to earn one of the most difficult certificates in the accounting field. Certified public accountants make about 10% more than non-CPAs. Candidates for a CPA license must pass the Uniform CPA Examination, which is administered by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. However, the specific requirements for certification differ by state, so it is important to understand the CPA requirements where you live.
Most states require 150 semester hours of accounting, business law, and general education coursework before candidates can take the CPA examination. Most CPAs hold a master’s degree in accounting. Some jurisdictions allow candidates to hold a bachelor’s degree in an unrelated field if they have a master’s in accounting or a related field.
Candidates for a CPA license must pass the Uniform CPA Examination, which is administered by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
The Uniform CPA Examination is divided into four parts: auditing and attestation, financial accounting and reporting, regulation, and business environment and concepts. The exams may be taken in any order; however, once a candidate passes their first exam, the remaining exams must be passed within 18 months. Fewer than half of test candidates pass on their first attempt.
The CPA exam is offered in January and February, April and May, July and August, and October and November. It costs between $750-$1,000 to take the examination, and candidates who fail an examination may be required to pay a repeat application fee. Candidates should spend a significant amount of time (around 500 hours of study) preparing for the examination.
Career and Salary Outlook for Accounting Graduates
Graduates who hold an accounting degree can pursue a variety of careers in accounting, business, and finance. In addition to earning a CPA designation and pursuing a career as an accountant, graduates can become financial advisors, tax examiners, and internal audit directors. Most accounting jobs operate on a typical schedule, although many require working on a deadline, particularly for accountants who prepare taxes. With so many accounting career paths, graduates can find a job that fits their personality, work habits, interests, and skills.
Accountants prepare and examine financial records in the public and private sectors. While the typical entry-level education for accountants is a bachelor’s degree, an advanced degree or certification can increase a graduate’s job prospects.
- Personal Financial Advisor
Personal financial advisors provide advice on managing investments, planning estates, saving for retirement, and filing taxes. A master’s degree and certification can improve job prospects. This field is expected to grow faster than average by 2026.
- Cost Estimators
Cost estimators analyze data to determine the money needed to provide a service. They may specialize in several areas and often work for private corporations.
Auditors assess financial operations and review financial reports for public and private organizations to make sure they run efficiently. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects this field to grow by 10% by 2026.
- Tax Examiners
Tax examiners work for government agencies to determine how much is owed in taxes. Their responsibilities include reviewing tax returns and conducting audits. Most of these positions require a bachelor’s degree in accounting.
|Chief Accounting Officer||$72,000||$94,000||$163,000||$190,000|
|Partner at a Firm||$98,000||$137,000||$173,000||$193,000|
|Chief Financial Officer||$94,000||$112,000||$144,000||$155,000|
|Internal Audit Director||$89,000||$118,000||$145,000||$137,000|
- Click Here For a Full List of States
State Employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage California 147,320 $39.72 $82,620 Texas 118,320 $38.70 $80,490 New York 108,800 $44.85 $93,280 Florida 75,640 $33.22 $69,090 Pennsylvania 52,590 $35.34 $73,500 Illinois 51,350 $37.00 $76,950 Ohio 42,890 $34.07 $70,860 Virginia 40,220 $40.09 $83,380 New Jersey 36,640 $42.76 $88,940 Georgia 36,360 $36.81 $76,560 Massachusetts 35,730 $39.63 $82,420 Colorado 34,150 $37.21 $77,400 North Carolina 31,080 $35.67 $74,200 Michigan 30,510 $35.75 $74,360 Washington 27,370 $34.62 $72,020 Minnesota 27,130 $34.10 $70,920 Maryland 26,510 $39.60 $82,370 Missouri 24,130 $33.91 $70,530 Wisconsin 21,300 $31.76 $66,070 Arizona 20,200 $32.11 $66,780 Indiana 20,010 $31.67 $65,880 Tennessee 16,430 $31.89 $66,330 Connecticut 15,480 $38.69 $80,470 Alabama 15,360 $29.75 $67,750 South Carolina 14,470 $29.49 $61,340 Oklahoma 14,150 $32.34 $67,260 Oregon 12,050 $32.22 $67,010 Kansas 12,010 $30.78 $64,010 Lousiana 11,010 $30.96 $64,410 Kentucky 10,610 $30.67 $63,790 Utah 10,600 $33.76 $70,220 Iowa 9,630 $31.48 $65,470 Nebraska 8,700 $32.08 $66,730 Nevada 7,610 $30.77 $64,000 New Mexico 6,580 $31.36 $65,220 Arkansas 5,980 $31.61 $65,740 Delaware 5,890 $37.43 $77,860 Mississippi 5,480 $27.10 $56,380 Hawaii 4,840 $29.69 $61,760 New Hampshire 4,780 $34.42 $71,600 Rhode Island 4,550 $37.22 $77,410 South Dakota 4,540 $30.79 $64,040 Maine 4,390 $30.86 $64,190 Idaho 3,970 $34.59 $71,960 North Dakota 3,870 $28.05 $58,340 West Virginia 3,840 $30.47 $63,380 Montana 3,140 $31.20 $64,900 Vermont 3,050 $35.19 $73,190 Alaska 2,350 $39.51 $82,180 Wyoming 1,840 $32.06 $66,690
Scholarships for Accounting Majors
Students pursuing an accounting degree have access to a multitude of scholarships. Professional accounting organizations, such as the National Society of Accountants and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, offer many of these awards; in most cases, applicants do not need to be members of the organization. These sources of aid provide up to $15,000 toward an associate degree, bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, or doctoral degree in accounting.
Accounting Scholarships for Associate Degree Students
Who Can Apply: The National Society of Accountants offers multiple scholarships to students pursuing degrees in accounting. Applicants are judged based on their scholastic achievement, leadership ability, and financial need.
Who Can Apply: The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants provides scholarships for associate-level students planning to transfer to four-year institutions to pursue degrees in accounting or accounting-related fields.
Who Can Apply: The Government Finance Officers Association offers the Jeffrey L. Esser Career Development Scholarship to associate-level students focusing on government accounting. Students must have at least three years of experience working at a state or local government agency.
Amount: $5,000 to $15,000
Accounting Scholarships for Bachelor’s Degree Students
Who Can Apply: The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners offers the Ritchie Jennings Memorial Scholarship for students interested in pursuing a career in fraud examination. Applicants must be full-time students with a declared major or minor in accounting or a related field.
Amount: $10,000, $5,000, $2,500, or $1,000
Who Can Apply: The Accounting and Financial Women’s Alliance offers undergraduate scholarships to support the costs of finishing the 3rd, 4th, or 5th year of an accounting degree program. Applicants must be women, but individuals do not need to be members of the AFWA.
Amount: $2,000 to $4,000
Who Can Apply: The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants provides a scholarship for outstanding minority students majoring in accounting or an accounting-related major. This scholarship is also open to graduate students.
Who Can Apply: The Foundation for Financial Service Professionals offers the Paul S. Mills Scholarship for students pursuing an undergraduate degree in a financial service-related field, including accounting. Applicants can be full-time or part-time students.
Accounting Scholarships for Master’s Degree Students
Who Can Apply: The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants provides a scholarship for outstanding accounting students who demonstrate potential to become leaders in the CPA profession. This scholarship is also open to undergraduate students.
Who Can Apply: The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants offers scholarships for graduate students in accounting who hold undergraduate degrees in the liberal arts or other non-business fields. This scholarship fund encourages students with little accounting education to consider graduate-level accounting careers.
Who Can Apply: The Government Finance Officers Association has offered the Goldberg-Miller Public Finance Scholarship since 1985. This scholarship recognizes outstanding performances by graduate students preparing to pursue careers in state or local government finance.
Who Can Apply: The Accounting and Financial Women’s Alliance offers graduate-level scholarships for women attending accredited colleges or universities who are pursuing degrees in accounting or finance. Applicants do not need to be members of the AFWA.
Accounting Scholarships for Doctoral Degree Students
Who Can Apply: The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants provides scholarships for outstanding minority doctoral students to increase the number of minority CPAs. Applicants must be full-time students and should be CPAs or planning to pursue the CPA credential.
Who Can Apply: Offered by the Educational Foundation for Women in Accounting, the Laurels Fund provides awards to women pursuing a PhD in accounting. The selection criteria include academic achievements, service, and financial need.
Who Can Apply: The Accounting and Financial Women’s Alliance offers the Mary Feeney Bonawitz PhD Scholarship to cover the cost of research for a female student seeking a PhD in accounting. Applicants must be AFWA members.
Who Can Apply: African American, Hispanic American, or Native American students who have been admitted to a full-time, AACSB-accredited accounting program can apply for this grant.
Resources for Accounting Students
Accounting Software for Students
The rise of accounting software has dramatically changed this field, and these computers programs continually evolve and become more sophisticated. However, while accounting software can be a vital tool for accountants, it is not a replacement for an accounting specialist.
Accounting students must be familiar with many accounting programs, some of which must be mastered to pass accounting courses. While associate degree programs often provide introductory classes that teach accounting software, more advanced programs may assume familiarity with these computer programs. Thus, it is important for accounting students to understand how to use these types of software.
- QuickBooks: QuickBooks provides a range of accounting support, including help with bill management, invoicing and payments, and tracking income and expenses. It is geared toward small and medium businesses as well as individuals.
- Microsoft Dynamics GP: Considered an enterprise resource planning accounting program, Microsoft Dynamics GP provides financial management, inventory management, and business reporting tools for small and medium businesses.
- SAP ERP: This enterprise resource planning software provides tools that include procurement and logistics processing, product sales and service delivery, and financial operations and regulatory compliance. The program caters to businesses of all sizes.
- FreshBooks: Designed for small businesses, FreshBooks provides cloud-based accounting software marketed to client-service businesses. The program assists in invoicing, time tracking, expense tracking, and creating payment reports.
- Zoho Books: Zoho Books provides accounting tools geared toward small businesses, including financial management, tax preparation, and business workflow automation. It can also be used to determine sales tax liabilities.
Professional Accounting Organizations
Accountants can participate in a number of professional organizations, which provide opportunities for professional development and networking, as well as access to job postings. Many organizations also produce publications to help accountants stay up to date with the latest developments and evolving rules and standards in the field.
Professional organizations often offer scholarships to students pursuing degrees in accounting, and non-members can apply for many of these awards. They may also provide opportunities to earn certifications in accounting specialties and continuing education credits.
- The American Institute of CPAs: The AICPA dates back to 1887 and represents professional CPAs by acting as an advocacy organization. The institute also sets standards for the field, provides educational materials to its members, and develops and grades the Uniform CPA Examination.
- The American Accounting Association: Founded in 1916, the American Accounting Association is a community of academic and professional accountants that focuses on research and innovation. The association publishes three journals and operates a career center for its members.
- National Society of Accountants: The NSA is a nonprofit, national organization that advocates for professional accountants and taxation specialists. Members have access to tax information, professional directory information, and NSA publications.