Highest Research & Development Funding

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This list will be useful if you have an interest in academic research, but are not sure which colleges and universities will provide the best opportunities for your specific career path. This ranking informs readers about not only the top schools for research investment, but also the schools that contribute the most funding to research in specific fields.

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RankNameDescription
1

Johns Hopkins University

campus_Johns_Hopkins_University

Johns Hopkins leads all U.S. colleges and universities for research and development by a landslide, outpacing second-place University of Michigan-Ann Arbor by nearly $800 million in annual expenditure. Life sciences (particularly biology and medicine) and electrical engineering were the fields that received the most R&D funding at JHU.

Total R&D Expenditure: $2,106,185

  • Science: $1,233,438
  • Engineering: $859,561
  • Other: $13,186

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $1,857,580
  • State and local government: $5,109
  • Institution funds: $80,988
  • Businesses: $47,102
  • Nonprofit organizations: $114,054
  • Other donors: $1,352
2

University of Michigan - Ann Arbor

campus-University-of-Michigan-Ann-Arbor

University of Michigan leads all public U.S. colleges and universities in research and development. The school receives very little funding from state and local government sources, but manages to offset this shortfall with more than $433 million in institution funds; this figure comprises roughly one-third of the university’s annual R&D expenses.

Total R&D Expenditure: $1,322,711

  • Science: $1,026,614
  • Engineering: $221,066
  • Other: $75,031

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $791,729
  • State and local government: $639
  • Institution funds: $433,249
  • Businesses: $41,947
  • Nonprofit organizations: $46,970
  • Other donors: $8,177
3

University of Wisconsin - Madison

campus_university_of_wisconsin_madison

Nearly 80% of research and development funding at the University of Wisconsin is allocated for scientific fields; life sciences alone comprise more than half of the school’s entire R&D expenditure. Engineering research, on the other hand, receives relatively little funding at the school in 2012, funding for non-science and engineering research outpaced engineering by more than $25 million.

Total R&D Expenditure: $1,169,779

  • Science: $916,863
  • Engineering: $113,742
  • Other: $139,174

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $580,661
  • State and local government: $72,156
  • Institution funds: $313,895
  • Businesses: $23,152
  • Nonprofit organizations: $157,818
  • Other donors: $22,097
4

University of Washington

campus-university-of-washington

Funding for medical science research represents and development more than one-third of University of Washington’s annual R&D expenditure, while environmental and biological science research comprises more than a quarter. Other fields that receive the most R&D funding from UW include unclassified life sciences, electrical engineering, and bioengineering.

Total R&D Expenditure: $1,109,008

  • Science: $961,218
  • Engineering: $104,196
  • Other: $43,594

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $909,652
  • State and local government: $14,741
  • Institution funds: $74,242
  • Businesses: $19,731
  • Nonprofit organizations: $69,617
  • Other donors: $21,025
5

University of California - San Diego

university-of-california-san-diego

In 2012, UCSD allocated a whopping 87.5% of its R&D funding toward scientific studies. Medical sciences-related projects received more than half of this allotment, while the fields of environmental science and oceanography each received more than $1 million. R&D in non-science and engineering fields earned a relatively low amount of funding ― roughly $8.5 million, most of which came from either the federal government or institution funds.

Total R&D Expenditure: $1,073,864

  • Science: $939,199
  • Engineering: $126,107
  • Other: $8,558

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $656,891
  • State and local government: $54,974
  • Institution funds: $118,616
  • Businesses: $73,443
  • Nonprofit organizations: $112,971
  • Other donors: $56,969
6

University of California - San Francisco

campus-university-of-california-san-francisco

Virtually all of the R&D funding at UCSF is allocated to scientific studies. Medical science received the vast majority of these monies (roughly $987 million in 2012), while R&D projects in the fields of chemistry and biological sciences collectively received the remaining funds (roughly $46 million).

Total R&D Expenditure: $1,032,673

  • Science: $1,032,673
  • Engineering: $0
  • Other: $0

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $559,329
  • State and local government: $36,401
  • Institution funds: $160,711
  • Businesses: $59,557
  • Nonprofit organizations: $127,679
  • Other donors: $88,996
7

Duke University

campus-Duke-University

In 2012, Duke University allotted nearly $950 million to R&D studies in biology, medicine, and other life science fields. Engineering research, on the other hand, received less than $60 million, the majority of which funded projects related to either electrical or bio/biomedical engineering. Duke leads all schools in terms of R&D funding from private businesses.

Total R&D Expenditure: $1,009,911

  • Science: $946,167
  • Engineering: $58,592
  • Other: $5,152

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $587,268
  • State and local government: $5,539
  • Institution funds: $123,198
  • Businesses: $226,200
  • Nonprofit organizations: $66,437
  • Other donors: $1,269
8

University of California - Los Angeles

campus-university-of-california-los-angeles

Nearly $900 million of UCLA’s 2012 R&D budget was given to researchers in scientific fields; $686 million was allotted for medical research. The school also funded more than $33 million in R&D projects outside the fields of science and engineering, outpacing Johns Hopkins in this area by roughly $20 million.

Total R&D Expenditure: $1,003,375

  • Science: $898,926
  • Engineering: $70,756
  • Other: $33,693

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $539,054
  • State and local government: $46,780
  • Institution funds: $174,526
  • Businesses: $51,311
  • Nonprofit organizations: $101,999
  • Other donors: $89,705
9

Stanford University

campus-Stanford

Stanford University ranked third among the top 10 schools on our list in terms of R&D expenditure for engineering projects. Six different fields of engineering received at least $10 million in 2012, and the federal government provided the lion’s share of these funds.

Total R&D Expenditure: $903,238

  • Science: $722,400
  • Engineering: $131,406

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $338,759
  • State and local government: $54,973
  • Institution funds: $137,894
  • Businesses: $92,103
  • Nonprofit organizations: $86,601
  • Other donors: $20,018
10

Columbia University in the City of New York

campus_Columbia_University

All but $100 million of Columbia’s $889 million R&D budget was allotted to scientific research projects in 2012, with life science fields (such as biology and medicine) claiming nearly $600 million. Other fields that received a relatively large amount of funding include physics and electrical engineering.

Total R&D Expenditure: $889,487

  • Science: $788,570
  • Engineering: $59,239
  • Other: $41,678

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $645,573
  • State and local government: $12,580
  • Institution funds: $102,628
  • Businesses: $37,341
  • Nonprofit organizations: $71,117
  • Other donors: $20,248
11

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

More than 97% of the 2012 R&D budget at UNC Chapel Hill was allotted to projects in science-related fields; biology, medicine, and non-classified life science fields collectively received roughly $650 million. The school invested less than $4 million in engineering R&D, all of which was earmarked for bioengineering and biomedical engineering studies.

Total R&D Expenditure: $884,791

  • Science: $860,791
  • Engineering: $3,957
  • Other: $20,043

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $606,348
  • State and local government: $14,722
  • Institution funds: $163,669
  • Businesses: $26,722
  • Nonprofit organizations: $73,108
  • Other donors: $222
12

University of Pittsburgh

More than 97% of the 2012 R&D budget at UNC Chapel Hill was allotted to projects in science-related fields; biology, medicine, and non-classified life science fields collectively received roughly $650 million. The school invested less than $4 million in engineering R&D, all of which was earmarked for bioengineering and biomedical engineering studies.

Total R&D Expenditure: $884,791

  • Science: $860,791
  • Engineering: $3,957
  • Other: $20,043

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $606,348
  • State and local government: $14,722
  • Institution funds: $163,669
  • Businesses: $26,722
  • Nonprofit organizations: $73,108
  • Other donors: $222
13

University of Pennsylvania

The second highest ranked Ivy League school on our list (after Columbia), Penn allocates more than 80% of its annual R&D expenditure toward projects in life sciences (particularly biology and medicine). Other fields that received at least $10 million in R&D funding in 2012 include chemistry, physics, business and management, and electrical engineering.

Total R&D Expenditure: $847,077

  • Science: $767,369
  • Engineering: $45,841
  • Other: $33,867

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $669,970
  • State and local government: $20,185
  • Institution funds: $52,324
  • Businesses: $42,744
  • Nonprofit organizations: $61,501
  • Other donors: $353
14

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

A relatively small percentage of R&D funding at the University of Minnesota is derived from federal funds (roughly 59%), but the school makes up the difference with more than $216 million in institution funds. Only University of Wisconsin and the University of Michigan boast higher figures in this category.

Total R&D Expenditure: $826,173

  • Science: $715,839
  • Engineering: $90,993
  • Other: $19,341

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $485,462
  • State and local government: $50,691
  • Institution funds: $216,007
  • Businesses: $29,657
  • Nonprofit organizations: $22,476
  • Other donors: $21,880
15

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MIT receives a surprisingly low amount of financial support from state and local government sources (roughly $163,000 in 2012), but the prestigious school received nearly $120 million from private businesses that same year. With the exception of Johns Hopkins, MIT leads all schools on our list in terms of engineering-related R&D expenditure with roughly $365 million.

Total R&D Expenditure: $824,130

  • Science: $405,168
  • Engineering: $365,199
  • Other: $53,763

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $496,132
  • State and local government: $163
  • Institution funds: $80,832
  • Businesses: $119,068
  • Nonprofit organizations: $88,595
  • Other donors: $39,340
16

Cornell University

Roughly two-thirds of Cornell University’s R&D budget was allocated to life science-related projects in 2012. $87 million was additionally given to engineering research endeavors ― but interestingly, nearly $35 million of this allotment went toward ‘non-specified’ engineering fields; electrical engineering was the only other discipline in this field to receive more than $10 million in R&D funding.

Total R&D Expenditure: $802,387

  • Science: $711,943
  • Engineering: $87,851
  • Other: $2,593

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $472,673
  • State and local government: $63,881
  • Institution funds: $145,932
  • Businesses: $31,365
  • Nonprofit organizations: $85,314
  • Other donors: $3,222
17

Harvard University

Roughly 88% of Harvard’s R&D budget went to scientific studies and projects in 2012 ― although the university is one of the only schools on our list to allocate more funding toward biology-related projects than those concentrated in medical science. The remaining 12% of R&D funding is almost evenly split between engineering and non-science and engineering fields.

Total R&D Expenditure: $799,432

  • Science: $706,020
  • Engineering: $47,953
  • Other: $45,459

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $589,860
  • State and local government: $1,632
  • Institution funds: $69,386
  • Businesses: $34,901
  • Nonprofit organizations: $91,040
  • Other donors: $12,613
18

Pennsylvania State University

In 2012, nearly one-third of Penn State’s R&D budget went toward projects related to life sciences (medical science alone claimed more than $110 million). Beyond that, engineering fields were given the most individual R&D support; electrical, mechanical, and metallurgical/materials engineering each received at least $70 million.

Total R&D Expenditure: $797,679

  • Science: $485,083
  • Engineering: $298,811
  • Other: $13,785

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $531,421
  • State and local government: $47,402
  • Institution funds: $138,999
  • Businesses: $36,973
  • Nonprofit organizations: $38,626
  • Other donors: $4,258
19

Ohio State University

Nearly 75% of Ohio State’s R&D budget was allocated to scientific studies and projects in 2012, with medical science alone claiming roughly $262 million. Among all of top 20 schools on our list, OSU received the second lowest amount of R&D backing from nonprofit institutions (after the University of Minnesota).

Total R&D Expenditure: $766,513

  • Science: $570,741
  • Engineering: $149,341
  • Other: $46,431

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $445,635
  • State and local government: $69,456
  • Institution funds: $91,490
  • Businesses: $100,986
  • Nonprofit organizations: $25,108
  • Other donors: $33,838
20

University of California - Berkeley

Life science and Non-classified science studies led UC Berkeley’s 2012 R&D budget with roughly $208 million and $152 million in funding, respectively. Less than half of UC Berkeley’s R&D budget came from the federal government; this is a low percentage compared to most schools on the list, but typical of members of the University of California system.

Total R&D Expenditure: $730,348

  • Science: $524,471
  • Engineering: $172,433
  • Other: $33,444

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $269,734
  • State and local government: $7,700
  • Institution funds: $138,499
  • Businesses: $13,892
  • Nonprofit organizations: $16,347
  • Other donors: $257
21

University of California - Davis

Not surprisingly, UC Davis (one of the country’s leading providers of veterinary science education) allotted more funding to agricultural science, biological science, and medical science than any other field. These three fields collectively comprised roughly 72% of the school’s R&D budget in 2012.

Total R&D Expenditure: $713,292

  • Science: $621,859
  • Engineering: $83,140
  • Other: $8,293

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $358,577
  • State and local government: $59,920
  • Institution funds: $156,550
  • Businesses: $40,392
  • Nonprofit organizations: $64,699
  • Other donors: $33,154
22

Washington University in St. Louis

In 2012, Washington University earmarked roughly 95% of its R&D budget for scientific studies; more than $400 million went toward medical science research alone. Most of the remaining $37 million was allocated to research in two specific fields: electrical engineering and social work.

Total R&D Expenditure: $706,410

  • Science: $668,913
  • Engineering: $20,122
  • Other: $17,375

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $441,406
  • State and local government: $17,520
  • Institution funds: $109,867
  • Businesses: $45,567
  • Nonprofit organizations: $91,355
  • Other donors: $695
23

University of Florida

Research in agricultural, biological, and medical science received the bulk of R&D funding at the University of Florida (each field received between $120 million and $170 million). Only 44% of the University of Florida’s 2012 R&D budget came from the federal government, but the school was able to make up for this shortfall in more than $233 million in institutional funding.

Total R&D Expenditure: $696,985

  • Science: $562,110
  • Engineering: $87,878
  • Other: $46,997

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $305,067
  • State and local government: $94,435
  • Institution funds: $233,648
  • Businesses: $24,662
  • Nonprofit organizations: $32,801
  • Other donors: $6,372
24

Texas A&M University

Not surprisingly, agricultural science research received more R&D funding from Texas A&M in 2012 than any other specific field, with roughly $176 million (roughly one-quarter of the school’s overall R&D budget). Only 38% of the university’s R&D budget comes from the federal government, but state/local government sources and institution funds generated 46%.

Total R&D Expenditure: $693,421

  • Science: $413,866
  • Engineering: $256,102
  • Other: $23,453

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $269,460
  • State and local government: $128,819
  • Institution funds: $193,012
  • Businesses: $49,392
  • Nonprofit organizations: $52,378
  • Other donors: $360
25

Georgia Tech

Engineering-related research and development comprised roughly 70% of Georgia Tech’s 2012 R&D budget; electrical engineering alone received $176 million in support, while seven other engineering fields were given at least $26 million. In science fields, computer science, chemistry, and physics received the most research funding.

Total R&D Expenditure: $688,905

  • Science: $201,136
  • Engineering: $482,758
  • Other: $5,011

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $484,212
  • State and local government: $12,487
  • Institution funds: $129,080
  • Businesses: $44,491
  • Nonprofit organizations: $14,788
  • Other donors: $3,847
26

University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center

This cancer research offshoot of the University of Texas allocated roughly 90% of its $685 million R&D budget toward studies in life science; the remaining funds went toward research in fields like chemistry, psychology, and sociology. The M.D. Anderson Cancer Center is the highest ranked institution on our list to receive more state/local government funding than federal government funding.

Total R&D Expenditure: $685,814

  • Science: $685,814
  • Engineering: $0
  • Other: $0

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $196,753
  • State and local government: $246,988
  • Institution funds: $72,864
  • Businesses: $68,414
  • Nonprofit organizations: $100,795
  • Other donors: $0
27

Yale University

Yale University is the lowest ranked Ivy League school on our list ― but in terms of overall R&D budget allocation toward scientific research, it places first at roughly 95%. This includes more than $400 million for studies related to medical science and roughly $156 million for research in biological science.

Total R&D Expenditure: $656,555

  • Science: $621,814
  • Engineering: $33,010
  • Other: $1,731

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $518,184
  • State and local government: $5,229
  • Institution funds: $55,554
  • Businesses: $22,204
  • Nonprofit organizations: $50,547
  • Other donors: $4,837
28

Northwestern University

Almost half of Northwestern’s 2012 R&D budget went toward medical science research, while the fields of biology, chemistry, and non-specified sciences collectively received more than $150 million in financial support. Additionally, four engineering fields (biomedical, chemical, metallurgical/materials, and non-specified) each received between $10 million and $20 million.

Total R&D Expenditure: $631,078

  • Science: $522,201
  • Engineering: $80,250
  • Other: $28,627

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $393,074
  • State and local government: $8,875
  • Institution funds: $156,803
  • Businesses: $15,023
  • Nonprofit organizations: $57,303
  • Other donors: n/a
29

University of Arizona

Roughly 88% of the 2012 R&D budget at the University of Arizona went toward scientific research, with astronomy and medical science claiming more funds than any other field with $132 million and $126 million, respectively. Chemistry, physics, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering additionally received between $16 million and $26 million.

Total R&D Expenditure: $625,365

  • Science: $552,829
  • Engineering: $62,605
  • Other: $9,931

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $331,578
  • State and local government: $19,915
  • Institution funds: $200,439
  • Businesses: $15,693
  • Nonprofit organizations: $33,695
  • Other donors: $24,045
30

University of Southern California

USC is California’s oldest private research institution, yet the school was still bested in terms of R&D expenditure by five members of the University of California public system. Roughly 85% of USC’s R&D budget went toward scientific research in 2012, and medical science projects and studies claimed more than half of the school’s overall research spending.

Total R&D Expenditure: $623,544

  • Science: $529,810
  • Engineering: $63,193
  • Other: $30,541

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $443,842
  • State and local government: $18,576
  • Institution funds: $100,648
  • Businesses: $28,353
  • Nonprofit organizations: $32,125
  • Other donors: $0
31

University of Texas at Austin

At roughly $72 million, the University of Texas ranks fifth on our list in terms of total R&D spending on non-science and engineering-related research (after the University of Wisconsin, University of Michigan, Purdue, and Emory). Education and business and management received the most funding in this category with roughly $30 million and $9.5 million, respectively, while non-specified fields received an additional $20 million.

Total R&D Expenditure: $621,538

  • Science: $351,019
  • Engineering: $198,293
  • Other: $72,226

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $354,873
  • State and local government: $36,018
  • Institution funds: $125,732
  • Businesses: $67,890
  • Nonprofit organizations: $32,202
  • Other donors: $4,823
32

Purdue University

At 12.3%, Purdue ranked second among all schools on our list (after Emory) for total allotment of R&D funds toward research studies and projects unrelated to science or engineering. In terms of individual fields, agricultural science earned the most funding (roughly $117 million), followed by mechanical and civil engineering with $49.5 million and $42 million, respectively.

Total R&D Expenditure: $602,501

  • Science: $312,103
  • Engineering: $216,037
  • Other: $74,361

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $270,655
  • State and local government: $68,604
  • Institution funds: $184,277
  • Businesses: $32,552
  • Nonprofit organizations: $43,911
  • Other donors: $2,502
33

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

More than 20% of the 2012 R&D budget at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign went toward research in the field of agricultural science (roughly $134 million). Other fields that received large sums of R&D funding included biological sciences ($63 million), electrical engineering ($44 million), and physics ($30 million).

Total R&D Expenditure: $583,754

  • Science: $410,524
  • Engineering: $147,498
  • Other: $25,732

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $359,989
  • State and local government: $25,996
  • Institution funds: $141,817
  • Businesses: $37,433
  • Nonprofit organizations: $18,228
  • Other donors: $291
34

Vanderbilt University

Approximately $248 million (or 44% of Vanderbilt’s R&D expenditure in 2012) went toward medical science, while biological science claimed another $163 million. About 80% of the school’s R&D budget is derived from the federal government; in contrast, state/local government sources only provide $189,000 in financial support for the school’s research activities.

Total R&D Expenditure: $560,446

  • Science: $478,388
  • Engineering: $55,490
  • Other: $26,588

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $448,948
  • State and local government: $189
  • Institution funds: $73,871
  • Businesses: $12,920
  • Nonprofit organizations: $21,967
  • Other donors: $2,571
35

Emory University

Emory University committed 14% of its 2012 R&D budget (roughly $78 million) toward non-science and engineering research activities; no other school on our list allocated a higher percentage of funds toward research in these fields. Most of the remaining funds went toward scientific research, particularly medicine and biology; only $16 million was allotted to engineering research.

Total R&D Expenditure: $552,707

  • Science: $457,934
  • Engineering: $16,603
  • Other: $78,170

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $361,165
  • State and local government: $673,000
  • Institution funds: $117,832
  • Businesses: $29,360
  • Nonprofit organizations: $40,917
  • Other donors: $2,760
36

Michigan State University

Most of Michigan State University’s research and development activities are concentrated in science; biology- and agriculture-related projects and studies collectively represented nearly 40% of the school’s 2012 R&D expenditures. Combined federal and state/local government sources finance roughly 60% of MSU’s research budget, with institution funds covering most of the remainder.

Total R&D Expenditure: $507,061

  • Science: $426,038
  • Engineering: $45,582
  • Other: $35,441

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $268,952
  • State and local government: $36,238
  • Institution funds: $172,202
  • Businesses: $5,084
  • Nonprofit organizations: $9,162
  • Other donors: $15,423
37

University of Maryland - College Park

Although the University of Maryland committed $117 million to engineering-related research and development in 2012 (particularly in the fields of electrical, mechanical, and civil engineering), more than 75% of the school’s R&D budget is focused on scientific research activities. Businesses, nonprofit organizations, and other donors collectively provide just 3% of the university’s R&D budget; the federal government, on the other hand, supplies more than two-thirds of the funds.

Total R&D Expenditure: $502,406

  • Science: $381,174
  • Engineering: $117,243
  • Other: $3,989

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $340,180
  • State and local government: $14,433
  • Institution funds: $130,888
  • Businesses: $6,353
  • Nonprofit organizations: $3,109
  • Other donors: $7,443
38

Baylor College of Medicine

After the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at #26, Baylor College of Medicine is the second of two exclusively medical research facilities on our list that are located in the city of Houston. BCM’s R&D activities are exclusive to two fields ― biology and medical science ― and the school’s R&D expenditures are somewhat neatly divided between the two.

Total R&D Expenditure: $474,700

  • Science: $474,000
  • Engineering: $0
  • Other: $0

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $268,753
  • State and local government: $23,278
  • Institution funds: $122,687
  • Businesses: $14,678
  • Nonprofit organizations: $45,304
  • Other donors: $0
39

New York University

NYU is the first school on our list with a 2012 R&D expenditure that fell below $500 million ― as well as the only school on our list that funds research projects and studies focused on non-science and engineering fields, but not in engineering fields. Medical and biological science research activities comprise more than 70% of the school’s R&D budget.

Total R&D Expenditure: $458,645

  • Science: $425,043
  • Engineering: $0
  • Other: $33,602

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $316,208
  • State and local government: $6,127
  • Institution funds: $71,245
  • Businesses: $15,579
  • Nonprofit organizations: $33,377
  • Other donors: $13,109
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Virginia Tech

The R&D expenditure at Virginia Tech is split nearly 60-40 between science and engineering, although the school committed more than $6 million to research activities outside these two fields ($4 million in the field of education). The federal government, state/local government sources, and institution funds all provide at least $100 million toward the school’s R&D budget.

Total R&D Expenditure: $454,417

  • Science: $259,136
  • Engineering: $188,918
  • Other: $6,363

Funding Sources (thousands of dollars):

  • Federal government: $184,175
  • State and local government: $103,679
  • Institution funds: $121,812
  • Businesses: $25,056
  • Nonprofit organizations: $16,495
  • Other donors: $3,200

How to Interpret the Data

As you are browsing the list, be sure to also note the percentage of R&D funds each school has committed to certain fields. Top-ranked Johns Hopkins University, for example, committed nearly $40 million toward environmental science research in 2012 ― but this figure represents only 1.8% of the school’s overall R&D budget for that year. The University of Southern California (#30), on the other hand, spent half as much on environmental science research in 2012, but this represented twice as much of the school’s R&D budget.

Please note that all dollar amounts in our list represent thousands of dollars. For instance, a total R&D expenditure of $150,000 (as presented in the ranking) actually represents $150 million. Also, percentages have been rounded to the nearest tenth.