Where College Students Have Set Up Pro-Palestinian Protest Encampments

Students at more than 100 colleges across the U.S. have set up protest encampments to demand their schools divest from companies supporting Israel.
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Published on June 18, 2024
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Demonstrators occupy a makeshift protest camp in solidarity with Gaza at Swarthmore College on April 24, 2024. Image Credit: Matthew Hatcher / Stringer / Getty Images News


Data Summary

  • Check
    During the spring 2024 academic term, college students set up roughly 121 protest encampments at 117 universities.
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    Approximately 18% of these encampments ended with the university agreeing to at least some of the protesting students' demands.
  • Check
    Half (50%) were forcibly disbanded by local or campus authorities.
  • Check
    Student protestors have primarily asked schools to divest from companies that support Israel and disclose financial ties to the country.
  • Check
    They have also sought amnesty for protestors and funding for Palestinian students and scholars.

For college students in the U.S., the spring semester typically promises excitement for commencement ceremonies, job offers, and summer plans. But this year's academic term closed with thousands of students setting up protest encampments in opposition to the Israel-Hamas war.

These student protest encampments first emerged on college campuses in late March but gained national attention after students at Columbia University set up tents on the campus's south lawn on April 17.

Since then, hundreds of students across the country have been arrested, had degrees withheld, and faced suspension or even expulsion from their institutions.Note Reference [1], Note Reference [2]

Students at these encampments are primarily demanding that their schools divest from companies that support Israel. Of the approximately 121 college protest encampments that were created this academic term, at least 18% ended with the institution reaching an agreement with students to explore divesting and end partnerships with schools in Israel.

Much larger percentages, however, were either forcibly (50%) or voluntarily disbanded (26%).

In this report, we define what makes a demonstration a protest encampment and share a full list of colleges where students built protest encampments.

What Is a Protest Encampment?

A college protest encampment refers to campus property where individuals affiliated with the university have established temporary dwellings and intend to reside overnight in protest.

Encampments don't necessarily need to be outside but typically include temporary accommodations, such as tents, tarps, and/or sleeping bags.

Protest encampments on college campuses are nothing new. In just the last two decades, students have participated in these types of demonstrations to oppose U.S. involvement in the Iraq WarNote Reference [3] and police brutality following the murder of George Floyd.

Today's student protests most closely resemble the historic campus demonstrations where students pressured their institutions to divest from South African apartheid.

In April 1985, students at the University of California, Berkeley, started a sit-in at Sproul Hall, demanding that the school divest billions of dollars from companies associated with the South African government.Note Reference [4]

The encampment continued until nearly the end of the school year, attracting thousands of supporters, even as over 150 protestors were arrested by police.Note Reference [5]

Almost 40 years later, the UC Berkeley Free Palestine Camp was established at the very same Hall, as students asked the university to financially and academically divest from Israel.

Full List of Student Protest Encampments in the U.S.

The following list displays U.S. colleges and universities where students set up protest encampments on campus in 2024. This list does not include schools that held other types of student protests or temporary demonstrations in opposition to the Israel-Hamas war.

Arizona State University

  • Start Date: 4/26/24
  • End Date: 4/27/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Northern Arizona University

  • Start Date: 4/30/24
  • End Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Arizona

Note: Institution had two separate encampments, sometimes operating simultaneously.

  • Encampment 1
    • Start Date: 4/29/24
    • End Date: 5/1/24
    • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded
  • Encampment 2
    • Start Date: 5/9/24
    • End Date: 5/10/24
    • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

California State Polytechnic University, Humboldt

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

California State University, Los Angeles

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 6/17/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

California State University, Sacramento

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/8/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

Chapman University

  • Start Date: 5/2/24
  • End Date: 5/16/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

Occidental College

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/7/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

Pitzer College

  • Start Date: 4/26/24
  • End Date: 5/5/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Pomona College, Claremont

Note: Institution had two separate encampments, sometimes operating simultaneously.

  • Encampment 1
    • Start Date: 3/28/24
    • End Date: 4/5/24
    • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded
  • Encampment 2
    • Start Date: 5/6/24
    • End Date: 5/12/24
    • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

San Francisco State University

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/14/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

San Jose State University

  • Start Date: 5/14/24
  • End Date: 5/22/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Sonoma State University

  • Start Date: 4/26/24
  • End Date: 5/14/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

Stanford University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 6/5/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of California, Berkeley

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 5/14/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of California, Davis

  • Start Date: 5/6/24
  • How Did It End?: Has not disbanded yet

University of California, Irvine

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/15/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of California, Los Angeles

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/2/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of California, Merced

  • Start Date: 5/12/24
  • End Date: 5/21/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of California, Riverside

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/3/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of California, San Diego

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/6/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of California, San Francisco

  • Start Date: 5/14/24
  • End Date: 5/14/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of California, Santa Barbara

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Has not disbanded yet

University of California, Santa Cruz

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/31/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of San Francisco

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/20/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Southern California

  • Start Date: 4/24/24
  • End Date: 4/24/24; 5/5/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Metropolitan State University of Denver

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/18/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Connecticut

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Yale University

Note: Institution had two separate encampments, sometimes operating simultaneously.

  • Encampment 1
    • Start Date: 4/19/24
    • End Date: 4/22/24
    • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded
  • Encampment 2
    • Start Date: 4/28/24
    • End Date: 4/30/24
    • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Wesleyan University

  • Start Date: 4/28/24
  • End Date: 5/18/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

George Washington University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/8/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Florida State University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Central Florida

Note: Lack of reports makes the status and/or end date of this encampment unclear.

  • Start Date: 5/6/24
  • How Did It End?: Status Unknown

University of Florida

  • Start Date: 4/24/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of South Florida

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Emory University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 4/25/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Georgia

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

DePaul University

  • Start Date: 4/30/24
  • End Date: 5/16/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Northwestern University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

School of the Art Institute of Chicago/Columbia College Chicago

  • Start Date: 5/4/24
  • End Date: 5/4/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Chicago

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/7/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

  • Start Date: 4/28/24
  • End Date: 5/10/25
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Indiana University Bloomington

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • How Did It End?: Has not disbanded yet

Indiana University Indianapolis

  • Start Date: 4/26/24
  • How Did It End?: Has not disbanded yet

Purdue University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/6/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Notre Dame

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/3/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Iowa

  • Start Date: 5/5/24
  • End Date: 5/5/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Kansas

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/9/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly Disbanded

Tulane University

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly Disbanded

College of the Atlantic

Note: Lack of reports makes the status and/or end date of this encampment unclear.

  • Start Date: 4/28/24
  • How Did It End?: Status Unknown

Goucher College

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 5/15/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Johns Hopkins University

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/12/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

Emerson College

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 4/25/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Harvard University

  • Start Date: 4/24/24
  • End Date: 5/14/25
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

  • Start Date: 4/21/24
  • End Date: 5/10/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Northeastern University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 4/27/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Tufts University

  • Start Date: 4/7/24
  • End Date: 5/3/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Note: Institution had two separate encampments, sometimes operating simultaneously.

  • Encampment 1
    • Start Date: 4/29/24
    • End Date: 4/30/24
    • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded
  • Encampment 2
    • Start Date: 5/7/24
    • End Date: 5/7/24
    • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Michigan State University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 4/27/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Michigan

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 5/21/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Wayne State University

  • Start Date: 5/23/24
  • End Date: 5/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Minnesota Twin Cities

  • Start Date: 4/23/24
  • End Date: 5/2/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

Washington University

  • Start Date: 4/27/24
  • End Date: 4/27/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Dartmouth College

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of New Hampshire

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Princeton University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/15/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Rutgers University - New Brunswick

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/2/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Rutgers University - Newark

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 6/9/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of New Mexico

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 5/15/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

The City University of New York (City College Campus)

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Columbia University and Barnard College

  • Start Date: 4/17/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Cornell University

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/13/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Fashion Institute of Technology

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/7/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Fordham University

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

The New School

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 5/3/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

New York University

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 5/3/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Stony Brook University

  • Start Date: 4/30/24
  • End Date: 5/2/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

SUNY Buffalo

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

SUNY New Paltz

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/2/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

SUNY Purchase

  • Start Date: 5/2/24
  • End Date: 5/5/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Syracuse University

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/25/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Rochester

  • Start Date: 4/23/24
  • End Date: 5/14/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Vassar College

  • Start Date: 4/30/24
  • End Date: 5/4/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

  • Start Date: 4/26/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of North Carolina, Charlotte

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 5/7/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Case Western Reserve University

  • Start Date: 4/30/24
  • End Date: 5/10/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Miami University of Ohio

  • Start Date: 5/2/24
  • End Date: 5/4/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Oberlin College

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Lewis and Clark College

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/3/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Oregon

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/23/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

Bryn Mawr College

  • Start Date: 4/27/24
  • End Date: 5/15/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Dickinson College

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/4/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Haverford College

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Swarthmore College

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • End Date: 5/24/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

University of Pennsylvania

  • Start Date: 4/25/24
  • End Date: 5/10/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Pittsburgh

  • Start Date: 4/23/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Brown University

  • Start Date: 4/24/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of South Carolina

Note: Lack of reports makes the status and/or end date of this encampment unclear.

  • Start Date: 4/22/24
  • How Did It End?: Status Unknown

Vanderbilt University

  • Start Date: 3/26/24
  • End Date: 5/4/24
  • How Did It End?: Voluntarily disbanded

Rice University

  • Start Date: 4/23/24
  • End Date: 4/26/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Houston

  • Start Date: 5/8/24
  • End Date: 5/8/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Texas at Arlington

  • Start Date: 5/2/24
  • End Date: 5/9/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Texas at Austin

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Texas at Dallas

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/1/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Utah

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Middlebury College

  • Start Date: 4/28/24
  • End Date: 5/5/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of Vermont

  • Start Date: 4/28/24
  • End Date: 5/8/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of Mary Washington

  • Start Date: 4/26/24
  • End Date: 4/27/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

University of Virginia

  • Start Date: 4/30/24
  • End Date: 5/4/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Virginia Commonwealth University

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Virginia Tech

  • Start Date: 4/26/24
  • End Date: 4/29/24
  • How Did It End?: Forcibly disbanded

Evergreen State College

  • Start Date: 4/23/24
  • End Date: 4/30/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of Washington

Note: Institution had two separate encampments, sometimes operating simultaneously.

  • Encampment 1
    • Start Date: 4/29/24
    • End Date: 5/17/24
    • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement
  • Encampment 2
    • Start Date: 5/1/24
    • End Date: 5/17/24
    • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of Wisconsin, Madison

  • Start Date: 5/1/24
  • End Date: 5/10/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

  • Start Date: 4/29/24
  • End Date: 5/13/24
  • How Did It End?: Reached an agreement

References

  1. Columbia begins to suspend students in 'Gaza Solidarity Encampment,' University spokesperson says. Columbia Spectator. April 2024. (back to footnote 1 in content ⤶)
  2. UCLA declares Palestine encampment unlawful, USC president in talks with protesters. The Mercury News. May 2024. (back to footnote 2 in content ⤶)
  3. Tent-city protesters stand firm against war (PDF). The Denver Post. April 2003. (back to footnote 3 in content ⤶)
  4. Free Palestine Encampment mirrors 1980s protests against South African apartheid. The Daily Californian. April 2024. (back to footnote 4 in content ⤶)
  5. How students helped end apartheid | University of California. The University of California. May 2018. (back to footnote 5 in content ⤶)