If you're interested in a career that involves making a substantial difference in the lives of others, consider earning a master's in counseling. In all states, licensed counselors must possess a master's degree in order to practice. Students pursuing their degree can feel secure about their job prospects upon graduating. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects mental health, substance abuse, and behavioral counseling jobs to increase by 23% by 2026.

Professional counselors enjoy working with diverse populations in various speciality areas. They can help those with mental or behavioral disorders, those who suffer from substance abuse or addiction, couples and families navigating difficult transitions, and students with disabilities or social disorders. Some counselors may work in private clinics or hospitals, while others may find employment in schools, retirement homes, or rehabilitation centers. Others may work with extremely specialized groups of people, such as veterans or female victims of domestic violence. This page explores what it takes to earn a master's in counseling and what kinds of career paths you can pursue with your degree.

Anyone interested in becoming a licensed counselor should consider earning a counseling master's degree. Some people people may find themselves more prepared to enter a program than others. Earning a master's in counseling through an on-campus program may especially appeal to students who recently earned their bachelor's degree in psychology, social work, or a related field and who already know they want to pursue a career as a licensed counselor. In contrast, the flexibility of an online master's in counseling may appeal more to working professionals who want to change careers while maintaining professional responsibilities. Regardless of age or experience, all applicants must first earn a bachelor's degree before pursuing a master's in counseling.

In a master's in counseling program, students learn the fundamentals of counseling while exploring case histories and evidence-based research. They learn about human development, psychology, and how to work with different groups of people, such as children or people struggling with addiction. Some programs offer concentrations that prepare students for careers in specialized fields, such as school counseling, rehabilitation counseling, or marriage and family counseling. These concentrations require their own unique courses that address issues within the respective field.

Students earning their master's of counseling through an on-campus program enjoy many benefits, such as making important professional connections with their peers and professors. They may also enjoy access to more resources or opportunities, such as conferences or networking events. Many programs, including some online programs, also help students find internships or post-graduation employment. Earning a counseling master's from a reputable, accredited program provides students a competitive edge when entering the job market.

What Can I Do With a Master's in Counseling?

Graduates who hold a master's in counseling can enter a variety of careers, each of which serves a specific demographic. These career paths include mental health counseling, school and career counseling, marriage and family counseling, substance abuse and addiction counseling, and rehabilitation counseling. Some master's programs prepare students to enter a specific field of counseling or to work with a particular population of people. However, all counseling programs prepare students to work with a diverse client base and to identify, diagnose, and treat their clients' problems with respect and care. Some fields, such as mental health and substance abuse, may overlap in the type of clients they attract, allowing fluidity between sectors and more job opportunities for graduates.

Mental Health Counselor

Mental health counselors treat individuals who suffer from disorders such as depression, anxiety, bulimia, anorexia, bipolar disorder, or obsessive compulsive disorder. They may specialize in a certain demographic group, such as children, students, veterans, or the elderly. All licensed clinical counselors must hold at least a master's degree.

Median Annual Salary: $43,300

Projected Growth Rate: 23%

School and Career Counselors

School counselors help students meet academic goals or address certain academic or behavioral problems that may affect their success in school. They may help students create better study habits or address problems with bullying. Career counselors help people identify and achieve their career goals or help people transition into a new field. Most school and career counselors hold a master's degree.

Median Annual Salary: $55,410

Projected Growth Rate: 13%

Marriage and Family Therapist

Marriage and family therapists provide counseling and guidance to couples and families. They may help their clients navigate difficult or stressful transitions, such as divorce, separation, adoption, job losses, or death. They help clients create strategies, increase communication, and implement healthy behavioral changes.

Median Annual Salary: $48,790

Projected Growth Rate: 23%

Substance Abuse Counselor

Substance abuse counselors help those who suffer from drug and alcohol addictions. They work with clients and their families to identify problems and develop a plan of treatment, often helping their clients mend relationships or regain employment. They may also connect clients with outside resources, such as Alcoholics Anonymous. Licensed substance abuse counselors must hold a master's degree.

Median Annual Salary: $43,300

Projected Growth Rate: 23%

Rehabilitation Counselor

Rehabilitation counselors help people with a physical, mental, behavioral, or social disabilities pursue independent, healthy, and productive lives. They may work with doctors and psychologists to create a rehabilitation plan that suits their clients' needs. Many help their clients access outside resources to accommodate their disability. Rehabilitation counselors typically possess a master's degree.

Median Annual Salary: $34,860

Projected Growth Rate: 13%

Counseling opens doors to many career opportunities, with specialization options in mental health, career, school, and rehabilitation counseling. Depending on each individual's area of interest, professionals can choose from a multitude of careers, each offering room for advancement. Typically, counseling professionals pursue an education in their area of interest, and their degrees serve as a foundation for future career opportunities.

This guide serves as a tool for individuals to review when they decide the state in which they want to pursue their counseling career. It ranks which states provide the best opportunities for counseling professionals and outlines specific data to support its rankings. Each section specifically highlights which particular area of counseling features good employment and salary outlooks for the state in question.

Methodology

This ranking uses data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It starts with mental health counselors, then looks at other sectors of counseling, including rehabilitation counseling and school counseling. It weighs factors such as employment concentration levels, location quotients, and salaries.

Rank School Description Toggle
1 California

Featuring the highest employment level for mental health counselors, California boasted 15,300 of these professionals in 2016. Mental health counselors in California earn an annual mean wage of $47,070. The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale area reports the highest concentration of mental health counselor employment. Napa represents the top-paying metropolitan area for mental health counselors in the U.S., paying an annual mean wage of $72,630 -- nearly $30,000 more than the average U.S. salary.

Rehabilitation counselors in California enjoy the highest employment levels in the country, with 13,710 of these professionals contributing to the state's workforce in 2017. These counselors earn a mean annual wage of $35,650. The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan area employs the second most rehabilitation counselors. The Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario area reports the ninth-highest employment levels for rehabilitation counselors in the entire country.

2 Pennsylvania

Mental health counselors in Pennsylvania enjoy the second-highest employment level in the United States for the occupation, with the state reporting 13,020 of these employees in 2016. The annual mean salary for these professionals in the state reaches $43,480. Pennsylvania boasts the third-highest concentration of mental health counselor jobs and location quotients, and Philadelphia's metropolitan division features the sixth-highest level of mental health counselor employment numbers among U.S. metropolitan areas. Pittsburgh boasts the eighth highest.

Counselors at rehabilitation centers work to help individuals gain their independence in the face of illness, birth defects, accidents, or daily stress. Rehabilitation counselors in Pennsylvania enjoy the second-highest employment levels in the country. In 2017, Pennsylvania reported 8,020 rehabilitation counselors, earning a mean annual wage of $37,960.

3 Virginia

Mental health counselors emphasize prevention by helping individuals and groups work toward emotional and mental health. These counselors often deal with substance abuse and addiction issues. With 8,980 mental health counselors reported in 2016, Virginia employs the third-most mental health counselors in the United States. The annual mean wage for these professionals stands at $48,310.

Virginia boasts the highest concentration of mental health counselor positions in the country. The Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford metropolitan area boasts the eighth-highest concentration of mental health counselor jobs in the U.S.

4 New York

Employing the fourth most mental health counselors in the United States, New York represents an ideal environment for counselors. Mental health counselors in New York receive an annual mean wage of $42,070. The New York-Jersey City-White Plains area boasts the second-highest employment level for a metropolitan area in the country for the mental health counselor occupation.

Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors in New York counsel individuals and groups, providing vocational and educational guidance services. New York employs the third-highest number of counselors in this specialization, with a reported 22,430 employees in 2017. Also the fourth-highest paying state for the occupation, New York counselors earn an annual mean wage of $67,100, compared to the national mean wage of $58,620. Ithaca, New York features the highest concentration of jobs for counseling professionals.

5 Massachusetts

Fifth on the list for states with the highest mental health counselor employment levels in the country, Massachusetts reported 6,830 of these professionals in 2016. Mental health counselors in Massachusetts earn an annual mean salary of $45,030, slightly above the national mean of $46,050. The Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton area boasts the sixth-highest concentration of jobs in the country for mental health counselors.

The northwest Massachusetts nonmetropolitan area reports the highest concentration of jobs for a nonmetropolitan area in mental health counseling. Moreover, the Boston-Cambridge-Newton area reports the 10th-highest employment levels for educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors in a metropolitan area; these counselors earn an annual mean wage of $70,880.

6 Montana

Featuring the second-highest concentration of jobs in the mental health counselor occupation for the United States, Montana reported 1,030 jobs in the field for 2016. Montana's mental health counselors earn an annual mean salary of $40,210. Missoula, Montana ranks fourth on the list of metropolitan areas for the highest concentration of jobs in the mental health counselor occupation, featuring 230 employees.

The southwest Montana nonmetropolitan area features the second-highest employment numbers in a nonmetropolitan area for the mental health counselor occupation, with 460 employees. This same area boasts the fourth-highest concentration of mental health counselors, who earn an annual mean wage of $38,140.

7 Vermont

Mental health counselors in the state of Vermont experience the fourth-highest concentration of jobs in the country, with 670 employees. Northern Vermont reports the second-highest concentration of mental health counselor jobs in a nonmetropolitan area, with 250 employees. Professionals in this area earn an annual mean wage of $40,770.

In Vermont, mental health counselors can expect a projected growth rate of 14.8% over the next decade -- much higher than the national average. Individuals who want to pursue high-paying industries with mental health counselor positions should seek management, scientific, and technical consulting services.

8 Colorado

With the fifth-highest concentration of mental health counselor jobs in the country, Colorado reported 5,100 employees in 2016. Mental health counselors in the state enjoy an above-average annual mean wage of $48,930. The Denver-Aurora-Lakewood metropolitan area registers the seventh-highest employment level for mental health counselor occupations in a metropolitan area, boasting 2,650 employees in these positions.

Grand Junction, Colorado comes in at number five on the list of metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs for mental health counselors, with 230 employees. The eastern and southern Colorado nonmetropolitan area features the fifth-highest concentration of jobs in a nonmetropolitan area for the occupation, with 200 employees.

9 Alaska

Mental health counselors treat clients struggling with addiction, substance abuse, self-esteem, stress management, aging, and parenting, family, and marital problems. Alaska represents the top-paying state for mental health counselors in the United States, with these professionals earning an annual mean wage of $65,520 -- significantly higher than the national mean salary for mental health counselors. Fairbanks, Alaska boasts the second-highest concentration of jobs in a metropolitan area, with 170 jobs.

Anchorage, Alaska marks the second highest-paying metropolitan area for mental health counselors, reporting an annual mean wage of $69,360. The top-paying nonmetropolitan areas are Southeast Alaska and Balance of Alaska, which hold first and second place, respectively. Mental health counselors in Southeast Alaska earn an annual mean wage of $71,310, and those in the Balance of Alaska nonmetropolitan area earn $67,590. Alaska represents the top-paying state for rehabilitation counselors, as well, offering an annual mean wage of $60,840.

10 Utah

Mental health counselors enjoy high salary opportunities in Utah, the second-highest paying state for the occupation in the country. These professionals in Utah enjoy a mean annual wage of $61,080 -- significantly higher than the national mean salary. Salt Lake City reports the seventh-highest salary for mental health counselors in metropolitan areas, offering an annual mean wage of $63,970.

The Provo-Orem, Utah metropolitan area boasts the 10th-highest concentration of jobs for educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors, with 990 jobs. These professionals earn an annual mean wage of $45,510.

11 Wyoming

Wyoming features the third-highest annual mean wage for mental health counselors in the United States, with an mean salary of $58,020. These professionals earn $12,000 more each year than U.S. mental health counselors, who earn a mean salary of $46,050 per year. In Wyoming, mental health counselors occupy 320 jobs. The northwest Wyoming nonmetropolitan area stands as the fourth-highest paying nonmetropolitan area for mental health counselors, offering an annual mean wage of $63,810. The southwest Wyoming nonmetropolitan area trails behind as the fifth highest paying, with an annual mean wage of $63,440.

With such high salary opportunities for mental health counselors, Wyoming proves an ideal working environment for these professionals. Individuals can access the Wyoming Mental Health Professions Licensing Board to review the licensing requirements that they must meet in order to practice mental health counseling in the state.

12 Oregon

The fourth highest-paying state for mental health counselors in the United States, these professionals in Oregon earn an annual mean wage of $55,670. Moreover, mental health counselors from Oregon hold 2,720 jobs. The Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro metropolitan area employs the 10th-most mental health counselors in the U.S, with 2,100 employees.

Bend-Redmond, Oregon serves as the fourth-highest paying metropolitan area for mental health counselors, who earn an annual mean wage of $65,730. Mental health counselors in this area account for 50 jobs -- a below-average concentration relative to the area's overall population. Those aspiring to become mental health counselors in Oregon can learn more online through the Oregon Board of Licensed Professional Counselors & Therapists website.

13 New Jersey

Counselors can choose from a variety of specialization options in New Jersey. One of the best options for counselors to pursue in the state is the marriage and family therapist occupation. New Jersey features the second-highest employment level in the country for marriage and family therapists, boasting 4,220 employees. New Jersey also offers the highest concentration of marriage and family therapist jobs in the United States.

New Jersey features bountiful employment opportunities for marriage and family therapists and registers as the highest-paying state for the occupation -- boasting a mean annual wage of $74,130. New Jersey's mean wage substantially surpasses the U.S.' mean wage of $53,860. The New York-Jersey City-White Plains area comes in as the second-highest employment level for a metropolitan area in the occupation with 2,090 employees.

14 Texas

Boasting the second-highest employment level for educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors in the United States, Texas employs 23,980 counselors. The annual wage for these professionals, $57,980, nearly matches the U.S. mean of $57,620. The Texas metropolitan area of Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land employs the seventh-most educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors among U.S. metropolitan areas, featuring 5,030 employees. The metro area of College Station-Bryan, Texas comes in as the fourth-highest concentration of jobs in a metropolitan area for school counselors, with 620 professionals.

The nonmetropolitan area of North Texas boasts the highest employment for a nonmetropolitan area in the school counselor occupation, with 730 employees. These counselors earn an annual mean wage of $52,650.

15 Florida

Counselors seeking abundant career opportunities might look for employment as educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors in Florida, which boasts the fourth-highest employment level of these professionals in the country. Counselors interested in working with individuals who struggle with personal, social, and vocational difficulties related to illness, accidents, defects, or disease might work as rehabilitation counselors.

The metropolitan area of Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville in Florida ranks as the 10th highest-paying metropolitan area for rehabilitation counselors in the United States, offering an annual mean wage of $55,060. Counselors with an interest in diagnosing and treating emotional and mental disorders in the context of marriage and family settings might pursue a career as a marriage and family therapists. Florida boasts the third-highest employment level for marriage and family therapists, with 3,290 employees.

16 Illinois

Featuring the fifth-highest level of employment for the educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselor occupation, Illinois employs 11,180 of these employees. The Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights area reports the third-highest employment level in the occupation for a metropolitan area, with 7,350 employees. The metropolitan area of Carbondale-Marion, Illinois serves as the eighth-highest concentration of these professionals in a metropolitan area, employing 240 employees. These counselors enjoy a mean annual salary of $38,100.

Rehabilitation counselors counsel individuals to maximize their independence and employability as they cope with social, vocational, and personal struggles resulting from illness, birth defects, disease, stress, or accidents. The Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights area boasts the 10th-highest employment level in a metropolitan area for the occupation, with 1,350 employees.

17 Connecticut

Boasting the second-highest concentration of jobs in the United States for the educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselor occupation, Connecticut employs 4,780 counselors. These professionals earn an annual mean wage of $64,910 -- above the national mean salary for these employees, which sits at $58,620. Danbury, Connecticut serves as the second-highest paying metropolitan area for the occupation, paying counselors an annual mean wage of $81,650.

Counselors in Connecticut can also pursue careers as marriage and family therapists who diagnose and treat emotional and mental disorders within the marriage and family context. The Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, Connecticut metropolitan area represents the ninth-highest paying area for the marriage and family therapist occupation, paying an annual mean wage of $71,740.

18 Arizona

Arizona counselors interested in applying psychotherapeutic and family systems techniques in the delivery of services to couples, families, and individuals can work as marriage and family therapists. Boasting the fourth-highest employment level in the occupation, Arizona features 1,510 marriage and family therapists. Arizona also holds the fourth-highest concentration of jobs in the occupation.

Salary remains one of the most important factors for individuals to consider when choosing a state in which they want to pursue a career. The fifth-highest paying state for the occupation, Arizona pays marriage and family therapists an annual mean wage of $64,480. The Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Arizona metropolitan area features the seventh-highest employment level in a metropolitan area, with 950 employees.

19 Hawaii

Hawaii boasts the third-highest pay for marriage and family therapists in the United States: an annual mean wage of $67,020. The Hawaii/Kauai nonmetropolitan area represents the top-paying nonmetropolitan area for the occupation in the United States, with an annual mean wage of $74,350. Hawaii boasts the fourth-highest concentration of jobs in the educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselor occupation, with 1,590 employees.

Mental health counselors in Hawaii's Hawaii/Kauai metropolitan area enjoy the third-highest pay for a metropolitan area, earning an annual mean wage of $64,260. The state features high-paying counseling jobs across disciplines, allowing professionals to choose from a variety of rewarding opportunities.

20 Georgia

Counseling professionals can pursue a variety of career opportunities depending on their area of expertise, educational background, and personal interests. Some of the key areas counselors can practice in Georgia include marriage and family therapy, school counseling, career counseling, rehabilitation counseling, and mental health counseling. Providing a variety of guidance services to clients from diverse backgrounds, educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors in Georgia enjoy a high concentration of jobs in the occupation, with 9,550 professionals.

The Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell area represents the fourth-highest metropolitan area for school counselor employment, with 6,160 employees. Athens-Clarke County, Georgia features the third-highest concentration of jobs for the occupation in a metropolitan area, with 540 employees. These counselors earn an annual mean wage of $48,270.

21 Ohio

With the fifth-highest employment level for rehabilitation counselors, Ohio employs 5,050 counselors and pays an annual mean wage of $40,010. Rehabilitation counselors in Ohio earn roughly the same as rehabilitation counselors nationwide, who bring in an annual mean wage of $38, 950. The West Northwestern Ohio nonmetropolitan area registers as the third-highest employer for the occupation in a nonmetropolitan area, with 380 rehabilitation counselors. Trailing close behind, the North Northeastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area holds the fourth spot, with 340 employed.

Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors also enjoy numerous opportunities for employment in Ohio. The North Northeastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area features the highest employment level for a nonmetropolitan area in the occupation, with 830 jobs.

22 Idaho

Counselors in Idaho can choose from a variety of career opportunities depending on their area of interest and expertise. Mental health counselors in Pocatello, Idaho enjoy the 10th-highest concentration of jobs in a metropolitan area for their occupation: 110.

Idaho Falls features the ninth-highest pay for mental health counselors, who earn an annual mean wage of $62,460. Individuals can review the counseling board in Iowa for information regarding how to gain the proper licensure to practice mental health counseling. Undergraduate counseling programs often feature mental health counseling as a specialization option, preparing students with the skills they need to thrive in a mental health counselor role.

23 Washington

The East Washington nonmetropolitan area features the highest pay for a nonmetropolitan area for the rehabilitation counselor occupation, with an annual mean wage of $62,850. These professionals constitute 80 jobs in the area. The metropolitan area of Olympia-Tumwater, Washington stands as the third-highest paying metropolitan area for rehabilitation counselors, paying an annual mean wage of $64,870. Lewiston boasts the fifth-highest concentration of jobs among metropolitan areas, with 100 employees.

The Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Washington Metropolitan division ranks seventh on the list for the rehabilitation counselor occupation in the United States with 1,860 employees. These professionals earn an annual mean wage of $47,910. Counselors in Washington should consider pursuing a rehabilitation counselor position for a plethora of opportunities.

24 Oklahoma

Oklahoma opens a lot of different doors to counselors in the state, providing opportunities for professionals from a variety of backgrounds. The Southwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area offers the fourth-highest concentration of jobs and the highest location quotient for the marriage and family therapist occupation in a nonmetropolitan area, with 50 employees and a location quotient of 2.52. Additionally, the southwest Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area boasts the fourth-highest employment level in the occupation.

School and career counselors in Oklahoma also enjoy a variety of benefits. The northeast Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area offers the fourth-highest concentration of jobs in the occupation, with 550 employees. The northeast Oklahoma metropolitan area shows the highest employment levels in the occupation. No matter what their discipline is, counseling professionals in Oklahoma can find a career that works for them.

25 Rhode Island

Rehabilitation counselors work with individuals to maximize their employability and independence while coping with vocational, social, and personal difficulties resulting from disease, illness, birth defects, stress, and accidents. These counselors assess client needs and design rehabilitation programs that include vocational and personal counseling, job placement, and training. Rhode Island proves a great state for rehabilitation counselors to pursue a career.

Rhode Island stands as the third highest-paying state for rehabilitation counselors, offering an annual mean wage of $55,520. The state employs 520 professionals as rehabilitation counselors, each enjoying high salary opportunities and the ability to advance their earning potential through continued experience and education. Professionals can access the state board website for information on gaining licensure to practice professionally as a counselor.

Before selecting which master's programs in counseling to apply to, students should consider each program's location, duration, cost, and requirements. The location of a school matters for several reasons. Foremost, students hesitant to relocate or quit their job for school should research schools in their area or consider earning an online master's in counseling. Location may also determine where students complete their practicum or internship requirements; schools in rural locations may require students to travel to fulfill these requirements. Students should also research their school's location to decide if the area fits with their lifestyle. Does it offer amenities like hospitals, airports, and recreation? What kind of weather can you expect? If considering an on-campus program, students should think about whether they want to live in an area before applying to school there.

Students should also consider the length and cost of the program. Does the school offer accelerated courses? Does it require a full-time commitment or can students enroll part time? Working professionals should consider whether they can keep their job while they pursue their degree. Night or distance course options typically allow students to continue working while they pursue their degree, a boon that can help students finance their degree. Other financial considerations include in-state versus out-of-state tuition rates, scholarship offerings, and cost of living in the school's area.

Students should make sure their program meets their academic and career goals. Some schools may offer different specializations than others; students should check that their program offers the concentration area they wish to pursue. Students should also browse the program's course offerings to understand what types of courses the program offers. In a similar vein, students should understand the program's requirements for graduation and feel prepared to meet these requirements. Most master's in counseling programs demand some kind of internship or practicum experience. Depending on the state or school, students may also need to complete a thesis or capstone requirement. Students should also research their program's accreditation, a topic discussed in greater detail below.

Programmatic Accreditation for Master's in Counseling Programs

Programmatic accreditation means that an outside accreditation agency reviewed a school's program and determined that it meets certain standards of quality in the field. Graduate counseling programs most often receive accreditation from the Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs (CACREP). Another newer accrediting body, Masters in Psychology and Counseling Accreditation Council, also accredits master's in counseling programs. Other relevant accrediting bodies include the Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education and the American Psychological Association. For students who want to pursue a career in licensed counseling, CACREP generally serves as the most significant accrediting body.

Counseling students should make sure that their program boasts accreditation from CACREP. Currently, six states require that students pursuing their professional license hold a degree from a CACREP-accredited program. In other words, holding a degree from a school without programmatic accreditation may disqualify graduates from gaining licensure in their state. Some states may also feature reduced licensing requirements for students who hold a degree from a CACREP-accredited program.

Like many graduate programs, master's programs in counseling feature a somewhat involved application process. Applicants must submit several documents, including transcripts, letters of recommendation, test scores, an essay, and a resume. Some programs may require applicants to demonstrate specific academic, professional, or volunteer-related experience. Some programs may require students to demonstrate a history of undergraduate coursework related to the social sciences. Other programs may prefer students who possess experience working, volunteering, or performing research in a context relating to mental health. School counseling programs may prefer students with experience teaching or working with children.

Applying to schools involves a commitment of time and money. Students should take time to research where they want to apply. When deciding how many schools to apply to, students should first decide where they want to study, considering factors like location, cost, academic goals, and the likelihood of acceptance. A good rule of thumb suggests applying to five schools: two you feel confident about, two that boast a more competitive pool of applicants, and one dream school.

Prerequisites

  • Bachelor's Degree: All applicants must hold a bachelor's degree. Although some programs prefer candidates who hold an undergraduate degree in a relevant social science field, such as psychology or social work, many programs consider students from other academic backgrounds.
  • Professional Experience: Many graduate counseling programs prefer applicants who possess some history of professional or volunteer experience relating to the field of mental health. Counseling internships and practicums, research experience, and teaching experience may all help you stand out on an application.
  • Minimum GPA: Most programs require a minimum undergraduate GPA of around 2.7 to 3.0. However, a program may consider exceptional candidates who stand out in other areas, such as their GRE scores or professional experience, regardless of their GPA.

Admission Materials

  • Application: Give yourself plenty of time to complete an application. Most schools require students to submit their application by late October or early December; students should start thinking about their applications as early as August.
  • Transcripts: Most grad programs require transcripts from all postsecondary institutions you attended. Most schools provide their graduates a free PDF of their transcript (these count as unofficial transcripts) but charge a fee, typically around $10, for each official transcript.
  • Letters of Recommendation: Most programs require three letters of recommendation. These letters should come from someone who can attest to your academic ability and character. Good choices include former professors or people who supervised you in a professional context related to counseling. Out of courtesy, ask your recommenders at least two months before you need the letter.
  • Test Scores: Counseling graduate programs typically require applicants to submit their general GRE scores. Some schools may also require the psychology subject test, while others may consider the subject test optional. Nonnative English speakers may also need to submit their TOEFL scores.
  • Application Fee: Application fees can range anywhere from $40 to over $100, depending on the school. Students who demonstrate financial need (typically evidenced through tax returns) can typically receive a fee waiver.

This section provides a general overview of what students can expect from a master's in counseling program. Although counseling programs tend to share some fundamental characteristics, different programs and schools may offer unique courses, specializations, and requirements, meaning details may vary depending on the school and the specific graduate program.

Concentrations Offered for a Master's Degree in Counseling
Concentration Description Careers
Mental Health Counseling In this concentration, students learn how to identify and treat those with mental illnesses, such as bipolar disorder or depression. They also learn how to help people navigate difficult life events, such as death, physical illness, or abuse. Students may specialize in a certain population group, such as elderly people, veterans, women, or children. Mental health counselor, behavioral disorder counselor, substance abuse counselor, grief counselor, veterans counselor, domestic violence counselor
School Counseling In this concentration, students learn how to help K-12 children or college students achieve their academic goals. They explore topics relating to lifespan development, social justice, group dynamics, and cultural contexts. Some programs offer certifications in LGBTQ health, bilingual school counseling, and social services. School counselor, career counselor
Addiction Counseling In this concentration, students learn how to help those struggling with drug or alcohol addiction. As part of learning how to treat and prevent substance abuse, they explore topics in human development, counseling techniques, psychopathology and treatment, the neurobiology of addiction, and the ethics of counseling. Substance abuse counselor
Marriage and Family Counseling In this concentration, students learn about family systems and psychotherapy in order to address problems within relationships and families. They learn to help couples struggling with abuse, sexual disorders, depression, or failing communication. They may also help families struggling with divorce, addiction, or the death of a family member. Some work with families of children who struggle with an emotional or behavioral disorder. Marriage counselor, family counselor, divorce counselor, sex counselor
Rehabilitation Counseling In this concentration, students learn how to help people who suffer from a physical, behavioral, mental, or social disability. In addition to the fundamentals of counseling, students also explore the medical and psychosocial aspects of disability and the ethical and legal issues of counseling. Rehabilitation counselor

Courses in a Master's in Counseling Program

Every master's in counseling program offers its own unique selection of courses, focusing on different concentration areas or specific subjects within the field. However, a few courses that explore the fundamentals of counseling typically appear as part of a master's in counseling curriculum. A sampling of these courses appear below.

Theories of Counseling

This foundational course, necessary for all fields of counseling, explores the fundamental theories and research methods of counseling. It examines typical problems in counseling, using case histories as examples. During the course, students develop their own philosophy of counseling, which they can apply to their studies and practice going forward.

Legal and Ethical Issues in Counseling

This course explores the legal and ethical standards and principles that guide the field of counseling. Students familiarize themselves with the philosophical foundations of the field and ethical codes used in practice. Legal topics include confidentiality, client rights, and mental health laws. This course remains applicable to all areas of counseling.

Multicultural Counseling

In this course, students learn about the cultural influences that can affect counseling and the counselor-client relationship. It explores topics such as racism, ageism, sexism, and personal bias against certain cultural groups. Students entering any field of counseling benefit from the skills gained in this course.

Human Growth and Development

This course looks at how factors like genes, parental influence, and peer influence can affect human development over a lifespan. Students study the development of gender identity, intelligence, morals, language, and perception. Students in all fields of counseling benefit from this course.

Group Counseling

In this course, students learn effective strategies for group counseling, studying the theories and principles behind group process and group leadership. Students studying to become substance abuse, family, or school counselors may find this course especially useful.

How Long Does It Take to Get a Master's in Counseling?

Students typically earn their counseling master's in two years. However, this timeframe may vary depending on a variety of factors. Most master's program require 60 credit hours, but some may require fewer or more, affecting the amount of time it takes to graduate. Students may also choose to take fewer credits per term to accommodate work or family obligations, or more credits per term in order to graduate sooner. A student doubling up on credits may earn their degree much faster than a student who only enrolls on a part-time basis. Students who earn their degree in less time typically end up paying less overall, since most schools charge fees for each term of enrollment. Some scholarships and fellowships may also only apply to students enrolled full time. Other factors that may affect the length of a program include transfer credits, accelerated courses, and internship or practicum requirements.

How Much Is a Master's in Counseling?

The cost of earning a counseling master's degree can vary greatly depending on a variety of factors, with an overall average cost around $18,400 per year according to a 2017 National Center for Education Statistics report. The same report shows an average tuition rate of $11,600 for public institutions and $24,700 at private institutions. The most significant factors that affect cost of tuition include the type of school -- private versus public -- and whether you qualify for in-state or out-of-state tuition. Public schools, while generally more affordable than private schools, typically charge more for out-of-state students than in-state students. However, many graduate programs offer out-of-state tuition waivers or help students achieve in-state residency status as quickly as possible. Online programs, on the other hand, often charge the same tuition rate for in-state and out-of-state students. Overall, online programs tend to cost significantly less than on-campus programs.

Beyond tuition, students should also consider peripheral costs such as housing, campus fees, technology, books, transportation, dining, and parking. Again, online students save money on the majority of these costs. Working students should also consider whether their program considers time for students to continue working, perhaps by offering evening or online courses. Finally, the cost of earning a master's in counseling degree may vary greatly after accounting for scholarships, fellowships, grants, or student teaching opportunities.

Certifications and Licenses a Master's in Counseling Prepares For

Licensed Professional Counselor

LPCs, also known in some states as licensed clinical professional counselors or licensed mental health counselors, provide mental health services to individuals and groups of people. Generally, to earn an LPC, one must hold at least a master's degree in counseling or a related field, possess a minimum of 3,000 hours of supervised clinical experience, and pass the National Counselor Exam (NCE). Additional requirements may differ from state to state.

National Certified Counselor

This certification, earned through the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC), requires applicants to hold a master's degree, complete 100 hours of supervised counseling experience and 3,000 hours of professional counseling experience (both waived under certain circumstances), submit a professional endorsement, and earn a passing score on the NCE.

National Certified School Counselor

The NBCC also offers this certification, requiring NCSC applicants to possess NCC certification, complete 100 hours of supervised social work experience and two academic years of school counseling experience, submit a professional endorsement, and earn a passing score on the NCE.

Certified Clinical Mental Health Counselor

The NBCC offers this certification as well, requiring CCMHC applicants to hold NCC certification, complete 100 hours of supervised experience and 3,000 hours of clinical counseling experience, earn a passing score on the NCE exam, and submit professional endorsements.

Master Addiction Counselor

Created jointly through the American Counseling Association, NBCC, and the International Association of Addiction and Offenders Counselors, this certification requires applicants to hold NCC certification, complete at least 12 semester hours of graduate-level addiction coursework and at least three years (two postgraduate) of supervised experience working as an addictions counselor, and earn a passing score on the NCE.

National Alliance on Mental Illness

Founded in 1979, NAMI builds public awareness about mental illness. It also provides a platform for mental health advocates and students to stay connected through publications, education programs, online discussion boards, and conventions.

COUNSGRADS Listserv

This listserv specifically serves graduate counseling students. It facilitates dialogues about graduate school-related matters like coursework, job searches, internships, and research.

DIVERSEGRAD-L

Diversegrad-L provides a platform for graduate students who want to discuss issues of diversity or multiculturalism in counseling and society as a whole.

American Counseling Association (ACA) Counseling Corner Blog

Students and counselors can visit this ACA counseling blog to learn about a variety of topics relevant to the career, such as developing healthy eating habits, dealing with the death of a pet, and minimizing memory loss.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

HHS serves as the home for many of the country's mental health programs and services. It offers job postings for counselors and internship opportunities for graduate students.

Professional Organizations in Counseling

Master's in counseling students and recent graduates should consider joining a professional organization for counselors. In addition to helping students and recent graduates find employment through job boards and networking events, professional organizations also offer benefits like online continuing education programs, discounts on liability insurance, and publications that keep members up to date on events and topics in the counseling world. Many organizations also host annual conferences or symposiums, fostering a sense of community and allowing members to make meaningful personal and professional connections.

American Counseling Association

ACA serves as the world's largest nonprofit association for professional counselors. Members enjoy benefits such as discounts on insurance and access to counseling publications, free online continuing education courses, and job boards.

American School Counselor Association

ASCA connects and advocates for school counselors across the country. Member resources include job boards, publications, continuing education webinars, and a library of free lesson plans, surveys, and parent handouts.

American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy

AAMFT members receive a variety of resources to help them build and sustain their marriage and family therapy practice, including online education and training, webinars, job boards, and an annual conference.

American Mental Health Counselors Association

Members of AMHCA enjoy access to professional publications, job boards, and credentialing services. Members also receive discounts on shipping, educational programs, and health and wellness plans. Student members even receive access to free liability insurance.

Counselors for Social Justice

A subgroup of ACA, CSJ promotes social justice for professional counselors through educational and professional development. The organization offers a webinar series, awards, grants, publications, a newsletter, and localized chapters at the state and university level.