Texas May Soon Overhaul How It Funds Community Colleges. Here’s What Students Need to Know.
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- If the report's recommendations are implemented, Texas will move to tie community colleges' funding to their successes.
- Texas would create an easier way to make certificates and noncredit courses transferable to credit-bearing courses.
- Texas would support 70% of low-income students and provide financial assistance to economically disadvantaged high school students in dual enrollment.
- The recommendations are part of a larger plan to boost higher education in Texas.
Texas community colleges may soon see their state funding tied to their success rates rather than student credit hours in a bid to improve educational outcomes — and to boost the state's economy.
The Texas Commission on Community College Finance on Nov. 24 released a report recommending a new funding model. Institutions would be rewarded based on student success metrics, such as the number of degrees and certificates awarded, the number of credentials earned in high-demand fields, transfer rates to four-year universities, and the number of students completing dual-credit courses.
The commission was led by Woody Hunt, chairman of Hunt Companies, Inc., a family-run, Texas-based holding company operating global real estate and infrastructure assets.
Texas has the ninth-largest economy in the world, Hunt wrote in the report, and its economic competitiveness increasingly depends not only on the number of jobs but also the quality of jobs the state creates and attracts.
"This new funding model must empower colleges across the state to support local employers who rely on a talented workforce," Hunt wrote. "It must also ensure more Texas students enroll in and complete degrees, certificates, and other credentials that translate into value and opportunity in the state's economy."
The new funding model ultimately needs the approval of the Texas Legislature, which meets once every two years and is set to begin its regular session in January.
Here's a breakdown of the recommendations the 88th Texas Legislature will consider.
Measurable Outcomes Paramount
The commission recommended a finance model that distributes most community college funding based on measurable outcomes.
There would be four categories for funding:
- Credentials of value: degrees, certificates, and other credentials from credit and noncredit courses that allow the student to continue learning and reach higher earnings
- Credentials in high-demand fields valued by the Texas economy
- Transfer success: students who transfer to four-year universities
- Dual-credit completion: number of students who complete a sequence of dual-credit courses that apply toward a collegiate-level academic or workforce program
The council recommended that the state ensure foundational-level funding for operations and instruction at colleges with low taxable valuations.
According to the plan, the funding adjusts for higher operating costs associated with support for low-income students, academically unprepared students, and students who want to reskill or upskill.
Funding also adjusts for higher operating costs for smaller colleges. These colleges would participate in shared services or inter-institutional partnerships in return for more funding.
Affordability a Priority
The commission recommended Texas increase funding for the Texas Educational Opportunity Grants and establish a state goal of supporting at least 70% of qualified low-income college students. The state would also provide colleges more flexibility to meet nontraditional students' needs for accredited, noncredit, and short-term programs.
Texas would also provide financial aid to economically disadvantaged high school students enrolled in dual-credit college courses. Participation would not require an enrollment application. Instead, it would be based on existing information, like the student's eligibility for the National School Lunch Program.
The commission recommended that Texas expand partnerships between employers and colleges for paid work-based learning opportunities.
If the recommendations are enacted in full, the funding model would also provide seed grants to college programs in high-demand fields and create a system to make noncredit credential programs transferable to credit-bearing programs.
Part of Texas' Push to Revamp Higher Ed
The new funding model is part of a higher education project, Building a Talent Strong Texas, and sets five goals:
- 60% of Texans ages 25-64 will have a postsecondary degree, credential, or certificate by 2030.
- 95% of students will graduate with little to no debt.
- 550,000 students will complete postsecondary credentials per year.
- 7,500 research doctorates will be awarded per year.
- $1 billion will be invested in private and federal research by 2030.
The demand for jobs that require postsecondary credentials is highly concentrated in about 10 of Texas' 254 counties, while the potential workforce to fill these jobs is spread across the state, in urban, rural, and suburban areas, Hunt wrote in the report.
"To solve these challenges," he wrote, "being incremental is not enough. We need to be bold."