FAFSA Deadlines Rundown for 2022-23

Each year, the FAFSA helps millions of students get aid for college. Learn when FAFSA deadlines are and what changes to expect for 2023-24.

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by Tyler Epps

Updated March 4, 2022

Reviewed by Mary Louis

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FAFSA Deadlines Rundown for 2022-23

Each year, the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, better known as the FAFSA, opens October 1. Students seeking federal financial aid have until June 30 — around a year and a half after the FAFSA open date — to submit the form. Those who fail to file before the end of June will be ineligible to receive federal, state, and institutional aid for that FAFSA's academic year.

In addition to the federal deadline, students should be aware of state and institutional deadlines. States and schools run their own financial aid programs, which usually have deadlines much earlier than June 30.

With multiple deadlines to keep track of, it can be challenging to navigate the U.S. financial aid system. In this guide, we'll cover everything you need to know in order to submit the FAFSA on time and increase your chances of receiving aid for the 2022-23 school year.

When Is the Federal FAFSA Deadline?

The 2022-23 FAFSA form opened October 1, 2021, and will be available until June 30, 2023. This means that students who need financial aid for the upcoming 2022-23 school year can begin filling out the FAFSA now and will have all the way until summer 2023 to submit it (though the earlier you submit your FAFSA, the better).

The 2021-22 FAFSA form — which awards aid for the current 2021-22 school year — can still be filled out and submitted through June 30, 2022. Note, however, that many states and schools maintain earlier deadlines.

Students must submit the FAFSA to qualify for federal student loans, the Pell Grant, and other college and state-issued grants and scholarships. The same applies to college students who plan to apply for federal work-study.

When Are Institutional and State FAFSA Deadlines?

Institutional deadlines vary from school to school but typically come well before federal deadlines. Some colleges and universities, on the other hand, offer financial aid on a rolling basis, meaning the earlier you apply, the better your chance of receiving a sizable award package.

If you're considering multiple colleges, check each school's FAFSA deadline (if it has one) and apply by the earliest deadline. Most schools list this information on their financial aid site.

Like schools, each state sets its own FAFSA deadline. These dates are usually early in the spring semester, but that doesn't mean you should wait until then to submit your application. Many states have limited funds and only offer grants, scholarships, and other types of aid until they run out.

This is especially the case for states with deadlines that are "as soon as possible after October 1." In other words, you should submit your FAFSA as early as possible to maximize your chances of receiving state-issued and institutional aid.

4 Upcoming Changes to the 2023-24 FAFSA

The Consolidated Appropriations Act passed in December 2020 included several major student aid provisions, which will take effect during the 2023-24 FAFSA cycle. The legislation is designed to make higher education more accessible and affordable for underrepresented students and students of color.

Most changes, which will be phased in over time, will be reflected on the next FAFSA scheduled to open October 1, 2022. Here are some of the key changes to look out for.

1. The FAFSA Will Be Shorter and More User-Friendly

Over the last decade, advocates of FAFSA simplification have made strong efforts to reduce the number of questions required to complete the application.

The FAFSA currently contains 108 questions, which many have argued deter students and families from completing the application and receiving the aid for which they qualify. After years of legislative inaction, lawmakers are aiming to reduce the FAFSA to just 36 questions.

In addition, families will no longer have to obtain their income information using the IRS Data Retrieval Tool. Instead, where possible, this information will most likely be directly imported from their tax return — a move that's expected to significantly help low-income students apply for aid and pursue a college education.

2. "Expected Family Contribution" Will Be Renamed "Student Aid Index"

If this term confuses you, you're not alone.

Current FAFSA filers see a section titled "Expected Family Contribution" (EFC) on their Student Aid Report. The EFC helps schools determine how much financial aid a student is eligible to receive. But due to the misleading name, many families assume the EFC is what they're expected to pay for college.

By renaming the EFC to Student Aid Index (SAI), the FAFSA makes it clearer that the number a family sees after filing is not the amount they're required to pay for college. Rather, it's an indicator of their financial need.

The Consolidated Appropriations Act also makes it possible for a student's SAI to be negative, which can help schools better identify students who require the most financial assistance.

3. Pell Grant Eligibility Will Expand, and the Max Award Will Increase

Perhaps the most significant changes under the act are those made to the federal Pell Grant. Unlike loans, this type of grant doesn't need to be paid back and is normally reserved for undergraduates with the highest demonstrated need.

Under the new act, the Pell Grant will expand to more students and link eligibility to both family size and the federal poverty level. For the 2021-22 school year, students can receive a maximum Pell Grant of $6,495, up from $6,345 in 2020-21.

The act should expand Pell Grant eligibility to a projected 1.7 million more students, including incarcerated students and those convicted of drug-related offenses. Federal Pell Grant lifetime eligibility will also be restored to students whose schools closed while they were enrolled or whose schools were found to have misled them.

4. New Guidelines Clarify How Schools May Consider Unemployment During a National Emergency

COVID-19 has caused millions of people to lose their jobs. As a result, many families are experiencing prolonged periods of unemployment. Under the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2021, institutions can consider certain unemployment information when calculating student's financial aid eligibility.

Financial aid administrators can reevaluate students' eligibility for Pell Grants and other aid per federal guidelines regarding unemployment benefits received during a national emergency. Students should contact the schools they're applying to for more details.

DISCLAIMER: The information provided on this website does not, and is not intended to, constitute professional financial advice; instead, all information, content, and materials available on this site are for general informational purposes only. Readers of this website should contact a professional advisor before making decisions about financial issues.

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