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By Marisa Upson

Published on July 29, 2021

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Reviewed by Rayelle Davis, M.S Ed., NCC, LCPC

Campus safety and security protocols continue to evolve as schools look for measures that can help ensure students' well-being. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) reports a general decline in crime rates on college campuses over the past two decades. In 2017, 29,100 criminal incidents were reported at postsecondary institutions. In 2018, that number decreased to 28,500.

Increasing students' awareness of potential risks and ensuring they have access to tools that can help them stay safe is an essential part of college preparation.

Measuring Campus Safety

While colleges and universities take active measures to protect students and provide a safe campus, crime does still happen. In 2018, 19.5 reported on-campus crimes occurred per 10,000 full-time students, according to NCES.

The most prevalent crimes committed on college campuses include burglary, motor vehicle theft, sexual assault, and fondling. In 2018, of the 24,450 crimes reported at four-year institutions, burglaries accounted for 7,955 and forcible sex offenses accounted for 11,409. Other crimes reported that year include robbery, aggravated assault, arson, and homicide.

Campuses that tend to experience the most crimes include schools with residence halls, colleges near large cities, and institutions with a high alcohol and drug use rate. Fortunately, students and parents have access to a college's annual security report. Thanks to the federal Clery Act, colleges must report their latest campus crime statistics and disclose their campus safety and security policies.

Source: CSS - 2014-2018 reported criminal offenses at four-year institutions

Campus Safety Tips

When large groups of people gather in one location, criminal activity occurs. Practicing campus safety measures, including safe college partying practices, can help reduce risks and minimize negative outcomes. Apply the following 10 safety tips to stay safe while still having fun.

What to Do if You Are the Victim of a Campus Crime

While most students make it through their college years without incident, some become victims of campus crime. Whether you or a friend experience a property crime or physical or sexual assault, knowing what to do in these instances can make it easier to get help.

Take the steps below to help protect yourself from further harm and find support.

  • If Possible, Get to a Safe Place: If possible, get to a well-lit, populated area to prevent further escalation. Remain there until help arrives.
  • Call 911 and Follow Instructions: Call 911 immediately. The 911 dispatcher will talk you through a course of action until police or emergency personnel arrive.
  • Contact a Trusted Friend or Family Member: Call a supportive friend or family member that can come to your aid or provide a safe space for you.
  • Consult Legal Counsel: Call an attorney to discuss your legal options.
  • Seek a Civil Protection Order: These restraining orders can help discourage attackers from coming within a certain distance of you and may result in criminal charges if disregarded.
  • Contact Your Bank: If a thief stole your bank account info or credit cards, call the bank and report it as soon as possible to prevent fraudulent use.
  • Request a Housing Change: If the perpetrator knows where you live, request a housing change.

Reporting a Campus Crime

According to the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN), only 20% of female college students between 18 and 24 years old report forceable sexual assaults to law enforcement. A few of the reasons cited for not reporting an incident include fear of reprisal and a confusion about what constitutes sexual assault. Bear in mind that any sexual contact without consent is assault — even if the person is known to the victim and/or alcohol and drugs were involved.

Reporting an incident can make it easier for students to protect themselves in the future and receive support. Take the following steps to report a campus crime.

In the event of an emergency where you fear for your safety, notify the police and then follow up with campus security.

Make a list of stolen property, including a description of each item, and give it to law enforcement. This record helps police and security officers identify recovered property.

Victims of violent crimes should seek medical attention at the nearest hospital as soon as possible. Individuals exposed to violence may be experiencing shock and not fully understand the physical or psychological damage that has been caused.

Students should meet with school officials and report any crimes that occur on campus. In addition to preventing the perpetrator from repeating the crime, many colleges offer services to help victims, including counseling and housing relocation options.

Victims of a campus crime — particularly sexual assault — should seek counseling. In many cases, the long-term emotional scars outweigh the physical trauma. Most schools offer free, confidential counseling services. Off-campus victim advocacy services can also connect students with counseling services and other resources.

Campus Safety Resources

Campus Safety and Security

This U.S. Department of Education website provides campus crime statistics for colleges and universities.

National Sexual Assault Online Hotline

RAINN — America's largest anti-sexual violence organization — operates this free and confidential hotline for victims of sexual assault, who can call (800) 656-HOPE.

National Organization for Victim Assistance

Founded in 1975, this national victim assistance organization supports crime victims by connecting them with resources and services.


A collaboration of five universities, PACT5 uses student documentaries to spread information regarding sexual assault in colleges.

The National Center for Campus Public Safety: Affiliate Program List

This directory provides an extensive list of federal agencies and organizations committed to protecting, educating, and supporting victims of crime and their families.


SAFER offers students numerous resources regarding sexual assault on campus colleges and informs advocates about raising awareness.

Los Angeles Commission on Assaults Against Women

This nonprofit organization provides self-defense suggestions and tips on what to look for in a good self-defense program.

Office for Victims of Crime

OVC — a U.S. Department of Justice program — offers resources and services that help victims of crime, including victim compensation.

College Drinking - Changing the Culture

This comprehensive resource offers parents and students information on alcohol-use statistics, its effects, and college alcohol policies.

Travel Advisories

This U.S. Department of State website provides important safety information for students considering studying abroad.

Frequently Asked Questions About Campus Safety

What is campus safety?

Campus safety measures may include initiatives and programs designed to create a safer environment for students attending college. These measures often include ride-share programs, self-defense training, and courses in crime prevention strategies. Most schools also offer evening safety escort shuttles.

What is campus security?

Campus security involves the protocols developed by a college to increase on-campus security and prevent crimes. These procedures may include security cameras, unmanned aerial systems, emergency blue light phones, patrolling security guards, and mass notification systems.

Why is campus safety important?

Feeling safe and secure on campus allows students to focus on their studies and other collegiate activities without fearing for their well-being. In addition, parents want to feel comfortable sending their children off to college.

Are colleges responsible for student safety?

Colleges must take steps to increase campus security and report any crimes committed on campus. While a school must take reasonable actions to protect its student body, individual students also bear responsibility for their own safety. Awareness, training, and following campus safety tips can help students create a safer learning environment.

Related Pages

How to Stay Safe at a College Party The Top Mental Health Challenges Facing Students College Hazing: What It Is and How to Stop It

Reviewed by: Rayelle Davis, M.S Ed., NCC, LCPC

Rayelle Davis is a nationally board certified counselor and a licensed clinical professional counselor. As a nontraditional student she earned her associate degree in psychology at Allegany College of Maryland. She went on to earn her bachelor's degree in psychology online at the University of Maryland Global Campus. Rayelle earned her master's degree in counseling education with a concentration in marriage, couples, and family therapy from Duquesne University. She has taught several undergraduate psychology courses. She is currently a doctoral student and teaching assistant at Duquesne University and practices psychotherapy in Maryland.

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