Types of Coding Jobs
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Coding jobs are in demand, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that computer and information technology employment will grow 11% between 2019 and 2029, which is much faster than the average projected growth rate across all occupations (4%). Some specific coding areas have an even higher projected growth rate, such as software development, which the BLS projects will grow 22% in that same period.
Programmers need an arsenal of skills to find success in their computer coding jobs, including mastery of front-end and back-end languages, tools, and frameworks. Entry-level coding jobs also include positions that focus on just the front-end or back-end of a website, or on mobile application development. Regardless of their technical specialization, all coders need strong problem-solving skills, analytical ability, patience, and the ability to work well on a team and communicate clearly.
Coding isn't just used for programming mobile apps and websites. A variety of other professionals also code, including data analysts and data scientists, software engineers, and database and systems administrators. Read on to learn about some of the most common computer coding jobs, including entry-level coding jobs and remote coding jobs.
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How Much Do Coding Jobs Pay?
In a 2016 report from job market analytics firm Burning Glass, a review of 26 million job postings found that nearly half of the jobs listed with a salary of $57,000 or more included computer coding in the job requirements. Additionally, careers requiring coding experience paid an average of $22,000 more each year than careers that did not involve coding.
Coding jobs have consistently high salaries, though salaries do vary based on the specific position. According to the BLS, computer programmers earned a median salary of $86,550 in 2019. Web developers earned a median of $73,760 per year, and software developers earned $107,510 per year. Professionals with mobile application development experience also earn high salaries, with staffing firm Robert Half reporting a median salary of $146,500.
While a bachelor's degree in computer science may be required for some computer coding jobs, a certification, associate degree, bootcamp experience, and/or work experience can sometimes take the place of a bachelor's degree.
10 Jobs Coders Can Get
Computer programmers create new software, websites, and other applications, and they ensure that applications and software run smoothly. In addition to writing new code, programmers also test code for errors and spend time updating and enhancing already developed programs. Computer programming is a common entry-level coding job, and is also often a remote coding job.
While the BLS projects a decline in demand for this occupation between 2019 and 2029, computer programming job descriptions often overlap with those of web developers and software developers, both of which are projected to grow much faster than average in that time period.
Web developers use computer programming to create and maintain websites. Professionals with this coding job typically spend their time testing new applications and components of websites, writing code, and working with a client or team to identify the scope and requirements for the website. Web developers may specialize in front-end or back-end development, or they may work on both as a full-stack developer.
According to the BLS, coding jobs for web developers are projected to grow 8% between 2019 and 2029, which is about double the average projected rate across all other occupations. This occupation can be an entry-level coding job, and it is also very remote-friendly.
Front-end web developers focus on building the part of a website that a user sees and interacts with. These professionals integrate web design principles to make sure the website functions smoothly and looks good on different devices. They also track website performance, monitor sites for usability issues, and address errors in the code. Front-end developers commonly work with back-end developers, web designers, and user experience designers.
Back-end web developers work on the part of a website that operates behind the scenes. Professionals with this coding job are in charge of site performance and server-side functioning. In addition to writing code for new websites, back-end developers also ensure existing sites are able to manage, store, and retrieve data; grow to scale; and operate at high speeds.
A full-stack web developer works on both the front end and back end of a website. Very often, full-stack developers work alongside user experience and user interface designers who help design the look, feel, and functionality of the site.
Software developers lead software application creation, often from start to finish. Software may include programs built for a specific task, or those used in operating systems. Software application developers design, test, and troubleshoot software to meet the needs of various users. Jobs for software developers are projected to grow much faster than average, with a projected increase of 22% between 2019 and 2029, according to the BLS.
Computer systems analysts examine computer and information technology systems operating at an organization and provide recommendations to make them run more smoothly. They often design solutions for systems issues and inefficiencies, evaluate new hardware or software for potential introduction into a business, and set up systems operations. These tech professionals need a foundation in both business and information technology. The BLS projects that positions for computer systems analysts will grow faster than average (7%) between 2019 and 2029.
Computer systems engineers work with software developers and other engineers to manage, update, and improve upon business computer systems. Professionals with this coding job provide technical support for maintaining an organization's computer systems and take part in system development.
A network systems administrator manages a company's servers, computer equipment, local networks, and intranet. These professionals maintain both the hardware and software used in an organization's computer network so that the company operates effectively.
According to the BLS, jobs for network and computer systems administrators are projected to grow 4% between 2019 and 2019, which is on par with the average growth across all occupations.
Database administrators determine an organization's information storage and management needs, and then build a database to house that information. Additionally, they merge new and old databases and ensure current databases run smoothly and securely. Database administration is projected to grow by 10% between 2019 and 2029, according to the BLS.
Frequently Asked Questions About Coding Jobs
Yes! Coding can be a good career for many professionals. Those with coding jobs often enjoy a high salary, work flexibility (such as the ability to find a remote coding job), and plentiful job opportunities. Additionally, according to U.S. News & World Report, computer programmers possess above-average upward mobility, with increased opportunities for advancement and higher salaries.
The best coding jobs vary depending on your interests, specialization, and expertise. If you like to analyze complex problems, computer systems engineering could be a good fit, as these professionals identify and correct systems and network issues. Alternatively, software quality assurance engineers check for any flaws and inconsistencies in software; this position might be a good fit if you're detail-oriented.
The BLS lists computer and information research scientists, computer network architects, and software developers as top earners in its computer and information technology job category.
In a study of the highest-salaried programming jobs, staffing firm Robert Half found that mobile applications developers, applications architects, lead applications developers, and enterprise resource development technical developers earned the highest salaries.