Environmental science is the study of organisms as they relate to their environment, and the physical, biological, and chemical processes that impact these relationships. One example of a specific branch of environmental science is the study of pollution, and its relation to renewable energy, conservation, and other solutions to pollution-related problems. Other areas of the field include ecology, wildlife biology, environmental engineering, and natural resource management.

Environmental scientists often begin their career by earning an undergraduate degree. All environmental science programs introduce students to the fundamentals of ecology, conservation science, geology, organic chemistry, natural resource management, and other key dimensions in the field. Lab work is typically required and many programs culminate with a capstone research project, which allows students to demonstrate their new skills and knowledge. Internships are often required as well.

Today, many students are choosing to earn their bachelor's degree in environmental science online. Distance learners adhere to the same rigorous standards as students in brick-and-mortar programs, and they graduate prepared to pursue a variety of career opportunities. The asynchronous format found in most online programs is also ideal for students with part-time jobs, childcare responsibilities, or other commitments that may interfere with their ability to regularly commute to campus.

Read on to learn more about the field, and the kind of career opportunities you can pursue with an online bachelor's degree in environmental science.


Online bachelor's in environmental science programs provide distance learners with a comprehensive introduction to the field. Many colleges and universities allow students to follow a concentration study track and earn a specialized degree in fish and wildlife management, sustainability, environmental technology, or other subfields in the discipline. Students who complete an internship will further bolster their career standing through supervised, hands-on training from experienced professionals.


An online environmental science bachelor's program offers students a flexible alternative to traditional, classroom-based education. Students can access course lectures and readings, participate in virtual discussions with other students, submit written assignments, take exams, and contact their professors from the comfort of their home computer. Current online learning technology also enables them to study on the move using a laptop, tablet, smartphone, and other Wi-Fi-compatible devices. For added convenience, online students can usually coordinate internships at sites near their current home.


Many careers in environmental science are attainable with a bachelor's degree, although some may require some professional experience in the field. Common careers include positions as environmental technicians, natural science managers, conservation scientists, foresters, wildlife biologists, and natural resource managers. A bachelor's in environmental science is also a key step for students who plan to earn a master's or a doctorate in the field.


Choosing a program is a very personal decision, and only you can properly evaluate whether a target school's strengths match your educational needs. The following ranked list of schools should serve as a helpful starting point in your search for the best online environmental programs in the United States. If you want to earn a bachelor's degree in the field, and you value the opportunity to take classes online, read on to learn more about the top online environmental science programs in the country.

Rank School Cost Graduation Rate Description Toggle
1 University of Florida Gainseville, FL Cost: $$$$$ Graduation Rate: 87%

Ranked among the top 15 for the nation's best public universities, UF offers a 120-hour online Bachelor of Science with a major in Interdisciplinary Studies and a concentration in Environmental Management in Agriculture and Natural Resources. This program is designed for individuals who want to pursue careers in agricultural, environmental, and natural sciences. The program has a strong focus on environmental sustainability. Students investigate hydrology, soils science, pest management, pollution management, environmental policy, and water resources. Freshman and lower-division transfer students must take two chemistry labs face to face; all other coursework can be completed entirely online. Full-time online students have an eight semester academic plan; part-time options are also available. Students transferring more than 60 previously earned college credits must have maintained a 2.0 overall GPA. A sample course can be viewed here. UF’s College of Agricultural and Life Sciences was established in 1870.

2 Oregon State University Corvallis, OR Cost: $$$$$ Graduation Rate: 63%

Accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities, Oregon State’s college of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences offers a 180-hour online Bachelor of Science in Environmental Sciences. With a diverse selection of specialty areas, students can focus on their individual career goals and professional interests. This environmental science online degree allows students to achieve a Geographic Information Science Certificate or specialize in applied ecology, aquatic biology, conservation resources and sustainability, earth systems, and environmental agriculture, policy and economics, and water resources. With an interdisciplinary approach to environmental problem solving, students can explore environmental law, climatology, environmental geology, and urban forestry. Students at OSU are encouraged to obtain experience outside of the traditional classroom environment with internships and other research opportunities. Online e-learning coursework is delivered through Canvas. Free academic tutoring and 24/7 librarian help and assistance are available to online students. OSU provides a variety of minors to complement the degree.

3 University of Maryland-University College Adelphi, MD Cost: $$$$$ Graduation Rate: 10%

Maryland’s Bachelor's Degree in Environmental Management offers an interdisciplinary approach to air, land, and water environmental management. Students explore pollution control, solid and hazardous waste mitigation, global warming, environmental economics, water scarcity, and other subjects. Students can choose between two areas of focus: toxicology and hazard control or sustainability. Focus coursework covers specific areas of interest, including air quality management, risk assessment, and pollution prevention strategies. This environmental science degree online program requires 120 hours to complete and accepts up to 90 credits from other accredited institutions. Courses in the major include Environmental and Ecosystem Principles and Human Health and Disease. Students can log in and complete coursework at their own pace through Learning Experience Online, the online classroom at UMUC. Courses are offered in 8-week sessions. There are two environmental clubs available to students: International Association of Emergency Managers and UMUC Chapter and Environmental Management Club.

4 The University of Alabama Tuscaloosa, AL Cost: $$$$$ Graduation Rate: 69%

Located in Tuscaloosa, the University of Alabama offers dozens of degrees through its award-winning online college, Bama By Distance. The school's human environmental studies program equips students with the skills they need to pursue careers in government, human services, utility companies, and communications. Students pursuing the online environmental science degree can tailor their studies to their own professional interests.

With the help of an adviser, students complete 120 credits in areas such as human environmental studies, leadership, communications, technology, science, and health. Distance learners must also fulfill all general education requirements on top of major-specific coursework. Most online courses are available in an asynchronous format. This allows students to watch lectures and access course materials on their own schedules.

Bama offers a flat tuition rate to all online undergraduate students regardless of residency status. Applicants who graduated from high school less than four years ago must have a 3.0 GPA. Other applicants must have a minimum 2.5 GPA.

5 Southern New Hampshire University Manchester, NH Cost: $$$$$ Graduation Rate: 58%

Southern New Hampshire is a fast-growing, private, nonprofit university. SNHU offers a Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science to individuals in the continental United States. The program requires students to earn 120 credits and has 29 free elective credits. This program is designed to provide students with opportunities to analyze environmental issues and develop practical solutions to overpopulation, climate change, and loss of biodiversity. Students can choose the online environmental science degree program alone or take a concentration in natural resources and conservation. The concentration explores the management of natural resources and the remediation of natural and human hazards. Students can choose to concentrate on geospatial technologies and gain practical experience in geographic information systems technology while exploring spatial awareness, remote sensing, and imagery analysis. Coursework is offered in six 9-week terms per year. Students can transfer up to 90 previously earned credits from accredited institutions.

Timeline 4 to 5 years
Program Costs $10,000 to $30,000 in annual tuition
Related Areas of Study Environmental Studies, Biology/Wildlife Biology, Chemistry/Organic Chemistry, Geology, Natural Resource Management, Ecology, Fisheries/Aquatic Science, Sustainability, Nonprofit Management
Accreditation There is no programmatic accreditation for this major field of study at the undergraduate level. Students should defer to the regional or national accreditation of their four-year college or university.

Job Placement

The job outlook for environmental science professionals has improved in recent years, largely thanks to an increased emphasis in climate change science and renewable energy. According to a recent survey by Georgetown University's Center on Education and the Workforce (CEW), experienced college graduates with a bachelor's degree in environmental science face an unemployment rate of just 4%.

The table below uses CEW data to compare the unemployment outlook between environmental science degree holders and college graduates with degrees in related disciplines.

Bachelor's Degree Field of Study Unemployment Rate for College Graduates with Work Experience
Environmental Science 4.0%
Biology 4.8%
Biochemical Sciences 5.9%
Miscellaneous Biology 4.7%
Animal Sciences 4.3%
Natural Resources Management 4.5%
Chemistry 5.6%
Geology and Earth Science 5.9%
Physics 4.8%

Source: From Hard Times to Better Times' by the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce (CEW)

As the table shows, environmental science majors with professional experience have the lowest unemployment rate among all degree fields listed. For context, the national unemployment rate is currently 4.9%.

Earning a Living

In addition to low unemployment rates, students who earn a bachelor's in environmental science also enjoy relatively high earning potential. According to the 2015-16 PayScale College Salary Report, environmental science degree-holders earn a median annual salary of $43,300 during their first five years on the job, and $77,000 after a decade in the workforce. This represents a 77.8% increase in salary between these two stages.

The table below explores salary expectations at two key career benchmarks for students who major in environmental science and related fields.

Bachelor's Degree Field Median Annual Salary for Entry-Level Employees (0-5 Years) Median Annual Salary for Mid-Career Employees (10+ Years)
Environmental Science $43,300 $77,000
Environmental Engineering $53,900 $92,800
Biological Sciences $42,900 $79,200
Environmental Studies $41,500 $74,200
Environmental Biology $40,900 $70,400
Environmental Management $47,400 $69,300
Natural Resource Management $39,500 $68,700

Source: The 2015-16 PayScale College Salary Report

Of the seven academic majors listed, environmental science held the third highest salary at both the entry-level and mid-career mark. With the exception of environmental management, employees in all of these fields saw their salaries grow by more than 70% between the two career stages.

Your salary expectations should also depend on your specific job title, as well as other factors like your company's size and location. The next table examines career salary growth in five of the most common environmental science occupations.

Occupation Median Annual Salary for Entry-Level Employees (0-5 Years) Median Annual Salary for Mid-Career Employees (10+ Years) Median Annual Salary for Experienced Employees (10-20 Years) Median Annual Salary for Late-Career Employees (20+ Years)
Emergency Management Specialist $44,731 $56,129 $62,966 $82,091
Environmental Engineer $57,795 $70,749 $82,727 $95,000
Environmental Analyst $45,465 $61,509 $67,973 $70,000
Wildlife Biologist $41,000 $50,000 $59,000 $62,000
Sustainability Manager $65,160 $73,018 $96,444 $100,000

Source: PayScale

Of these five careers, environmental scientists experienced the highest rate of projected career salary growth, with an 83.5% increase between their first job and late-career. Environmental engineers placed second: these professionals saw their salaries rise 64.4% after 20 years on the job. The remaining three careers experienced salary growth at rates ranging from 51% to 54%.

Career and Further Education Opportunities

Students who graduate with a bachelor's degree in environmental science will be qualified for dozens of entry-level positions in the field. Below, we've highlighted four of the most common career pathways for environmental science graduates.

Environmental Scientists and Specialists: Environmental scientists and specialists study the relationships between humans, other organisms, natural resources, and other key components of the ecosystem. They often advise elected officials, business executives, policymakers, and other leaders about the importance of sustainable business and development. They use field samples, recordings, surveys, and other forms of evidence to inform their analysis.

Environmental Engineers: These engineers design and develop environmentally-friendly solutions to problems related to soil, water, air, and other natural resources. Their work primarily focuses on contemporary issues like renewable energy, pollution, climate science, waste disposal, public health, and recycling.

Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists: These scientists study various animals, plants, and other organisms in order to learn how they interact with one another in different ecosystems. They collect field samples, run lab tests, and write reports about current ecosystem activities. Zoologists and wildlife biologists often specialize in specific ecosystems, such as forests, deserts, and aquatic environments.

Conservation Scientists or Foresters: Conservation scientists and foresters oversee day-to-day operations in forests. Depending on where they work, these professionals may interact with a range of other people, including loggers, wildlife biologists, land developers, and private property owners.

Occupation Median Annual Salary Industry Growth Projection (2014-24)
Environmental Scientists and Specialists $67,460 11% (+10,200 jobs)
Environmental Engineers $84,560 12% (+6,800 jobs)
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists $59,680 4% (+800 jobs)
Conservation Scientists or Foresters $60,220 7% (+2,700 jobs)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Professional Organizations

Making professional connections and learning as much as you can about environmental science is crucial to your success. Professional organizations offer a great entry point for students who want to learn more about their chosen career path. Below you'll find three of the country's most prominent organizations established for environmental science professionals. These organizations host networking events, provide online trainings, maintain active job boards, and offer other services for career-ready college graduates.

  • National Association of Environmental Professionals: Founded in the 1970s, the NAEP sponsors 14 state, multi-state, and regional chapters nationwide. Membership benefits include complimentary newsletters and publications, reduced tuition for webinars, and entry discounts to official NAEP events.
  • American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists: This STEM-driven organization was founded in 1955, and today offers membership options for professionals and students. Other perks include mentorship and professional certification opportunities.
  • The Institution of Environmental Sciences: According to its mission statement, the IES is "a visionary organisation leading debate, dissemination and promotion of environmental science and sustainability.” The institution's website includes job listings, a resource library, and an extensive blog covering various topics related to environmental science.

Despite the relative affordability of online programs, most students still need financial assistance. Students should complete a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form to learn more about loans, grants, and other opportunities offered through the U.S. government. Additionally, private grants and scholarships are widely available through nonprofit organizations, companies, and other sources. Check out our collection of resources below to learn more about your financial aid options.


Approximately two-thirds of today's college students rely on loans to fund their education, but there are plenty of overlooked financing options you can use to reduce your overall student debt.


Completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is a crucial first step for any student with financial needs. Our FAFSA guide features a step-by-step rundown on the process and answers to several frequently asked questions.


Financial aid for online learning is equivalent to what you'll find for campus-based learning, but that hasn't always been the case. Learn about the changes that have taken place, as well as the different funding opportunities available to online students.


Online programs can provide an affordable and flexible option for women trying to balance the demands of work, family, and earning their degree. We've curated a list of valuable scholarships specifically for women.


Online college programs can be a flexible, affordable option for single parents who are interested in earning a degree and securing their family's financial future. We've compiled a list of scholarships, grants, and other financial aid options geared toward single moms and dads.


Millions of dollars in free money is available to U.S. military personnel, but much of it goes unused. Learn more about grants, scholarships, and other financial aid opportunities available to veterans, active-duty service members, and reservists.

Rankings Archive

Best Online Environmental Science Bachelors Programs of 2017
Rank School Location
1 University of Florida Gainesville, FL
2 University of Maryland-University College Adelphi, MD
3 Oregon State University Corvallis, OR
4 Southern New Hampshire University Manchester, NH
Best Online Environmental Science Bachelors Programs of 2016
Rank School Location
1 Oregon State University Corvallis, OR
2 University of Maryland - University College Adelphia, MD
3 Malone University Canton, OH
4 Northeastern University Global Network Boston, MA