A doctorate in human resources online can help you gain the specialization necessary to earn an academic position within the field or gain employment as a research director or consultant. As a specialist in human resources management, you can expect to be equipped with the knowledge to guide organizations in their hiring practices, employee relations programs, compensation processes, and training protocols. According to the BLS, a postsecondary or professional human resources specialist earned a median annual salary of $75,430, and job opportunities are slated to grow by 13% over the next seven years.
Choosing a Program
DO I NEED PREVIOUS WORK EXPERIENCE TO GET IN?
There are no universal requirements mandating that applicants to online Ph.D. programs in human resources possess work experience in order to gain admission into a program. A lot of universities do, however, create guidelines or impose employment requirements on their applicants, since experience has such a significant overall influence on a graduate's employment chances. Most human resource Ph.D. online programs will expect you to have gained some experience in business and human resources, and a general career trajectory that frames your academic interest in their program is essential to gain admission.
HOW DO I FIND THE RIGHT ONLINE PROGRAM FOR ME?
Some online Ph.D. in human resources programs are more focused on teaching and research initiatives, others combine human resource studies with a broader business focus on labor relations, organizational leadership, law, or industrial processes. It is advisable to have clear career goals and to become well aware of the broad spectrum of program prerequisites before pursuing academic research or business practice as a focus.
CAN I WORK WHILE I COMPLETE MY ONLINE DOCTORATE IN HUMAN RESOURCES?
The flexibility and general availability of a typical online Ph.D. in human resources program ensures that you are able to continue working while pursuing a degree. Talk to the guidance counseling staff at the program you are considering to discuss the most appropriate degree pathway for your individual circumstances.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES TO EARNING MY DOCTORATE ONLINE?
The advantages of earning a doctorate in human resources online are self-evident, and encompass all the various potentials for your time and priorities. By remaining flexible in terms of access to courses and pace of study, an online program allows you to find a balance between current professional or family obligations and your academic life.
Online Doctorate in Human Resources Programs
|Lynchburg, VA||Cost: $$$$$||Enrolled Online: 85%||
Located in Lynchburg, Virginia, Liberty University's online DBA in human resources offers the coursework and experience students need to serve as experts in the field, with a focus on professional management and human resource development. Students learn how to serve as HR leaders across the public, private, and nonprofit sectors. The program also offers specializations in accounting and information systems.
The school's distance courses do not require set login times, allowing students to view lectures, complete assignments, participate in discussions, and engage in other class activities largely on their own time. Still, students can get to know their professors and peers, even working on some group projects similar to a traditional higher education setting.
Students may take courses at a pace and order mostly of their own preference. They must complete 60 total credits, including 48 in core classes and 12 focused on human resources. Courses cover topics like organizational coaching, strategic decision-making, compensation management, workforce planning, and financial resource allocation.
To apply to Liberty's doctorate in human services online program, prospective students must hold an MBA from an accredited postsecondary institution, with a minimum 3.0 cumulative GPA. Individuals seeking an accounting or information systems track must hold a master's degree in those respective fields. The program also accepts up to 15 transfer credits from other accredited colleges or universities.
Distance learners benefit from an online writing center, digital library, financial aid assistance, online tutoring, and counseling services. Most online DBA students graduate in three to four years.
The University of Texas at Tyler
|Tyler, TX||Cost: $$$$$||Enrolled Online: 61%||
UT Tyler offers an online Ph.D. in human resource development that prepares students to conduct thorough research, advance the HR field, and serve as leaders within businesses, organizations, and government agencies around the world. Program participants may choose to concentrate their studies on organizational development and change through which they explore how organizations develop, perform, and evolve from an HR perspective.
The program of study includes core courses on contemporary HR issues, management interventions, and theoretical foundations of workforce development. Research-focused classes train students on developing proposals, analyzing data, and conducting advanced quantitative and qualitative research. Additionally, a research seminar details how to establish sound criteria and research methods to create a publishable manuscript.
Although the program is largely held online, students need to meet in person at the school's east Texas campus five times per semester. Full-time students typically graduate in three years and must submit a dissertation featuring original research before finishing the degree. The program's design enables students to continue working as they fulfill Ph.D. requirements, as a significant portion of the learning and activities take place in evenings and on weekends.
To apply to UT Tyler's doctor of human services online program, candidates must submit three letters of recommendation, a personal essay, a current resume, and GMAT scores. The program admits students for the fall semester each year. Eligible applicants also must hold a master's degree in human resources, business administration, or management from a regionally accredited college or university, and have a minimum 3.0 GPA.
University of Arkansas
|Fayetteville, AR||Cost: $$$$$||Enrolled Online: 28%||
Through UofA Online, students can pursue an Ed.D. in human resource and workforce development education, focusing on conducting comprehensive research and tackling some of today's most pressing HR challenges. The university charges the same tuition rates for all distance learners, even if they do not live in Arkansas.
Although most students graduate in four years or less, the doctorate in human services online program allows students to complete the program within seven years of the time of admission to finish the degree. To do so, a student must pass a candidacy exam and produce and defend a dissertation based on original research.
Students take self-paced classes on subjects like organizational development, program management, learning and teaching theories, and HR legal and ethical issues. The generational dynamics in the workplace course, examines how people of different ages and backgrounds tend to interact with one another in different ways. The program features an asynchronous format, which means learners have increased flexibility for completing course requirements.
Eligible applicants must hold a master's degree in human resource management or a related discipline from an accredited postsecondary institution, with a preferred minimum 3.0 GPA. They also must provide a GRE report that reflects scores of at least 153 in verbal skills, 150 in quantitative reasoning, and 4.0 in analytical writing. Applicants also must submit three professional references and a statement of intent.
Incoming students may begin coursework in the fall, spring, or summer terms. The program involves all online classes and students do not need to attend any in-person sessions at the school's Fayetteville campus.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
|Champaign, IL||Cost: $$$$$||Enrolled Online: 25%||
The UI College of Education offers two doctorate in human services online degrees: an Ed.D. in human resource development (HRD) and an Ed.D. in diversity and equity in education with an emphasis in human resource development.
The HRD program leverages a systems focus to help students learn how to improve performance and training within private, public, and nonprofit sector organizations. The program includes courses on adult and professional education, learning technologies, organizational development, educational statistics, and strategic management. In the innovation in e-learning course, students explore the always-evolving technologies organizations can use to provide their employees with optimal training and professional development.
The Ed.D. in diversity and equity in education focuses more on leadership, with students looking at social and historical barriers to opportunity for people from various backgrounds, along with critical issues surrounding race, gender, and sexuality.
The College of Education's online classes feature synchronous formats, which means students typically must log in at set times to view lectures, complete assignments, and participate in discussions. Neither program requires students to meet on campus.
Both program options include students creating and defending a dissertation based on their own research. The two degrees also maintain the same application requirements, including a master's degree from a regionally accredited college or university and a minimum 3.0 GPA. Applicants also must submit a resume, three reference letters, and a personal statement of 500 words or more.
All distance learners pay the same tuition, regardless of state residency status. UI's main campus is located in Champaign, Illinois.
What Else Can I Expect From an Online Doctorate in Human Resources Program?
When deciding which course of study to undertake, it is important to consider the fact that individual programs may differ significantly. Some universities may have more of a demonstrated level of expertise in certain areas, while others may have a focus unsuited to a potential candidate's projected use of Ph.D. To get an idea of what a curriculum for a human resource development Ph.D. online program could look like, consult the list below.
CURRICULUM FOR AN ONLINE DOCTORATE IN HUMAN RESOURCES
Some students enrolled in human resource Ph.D. programs online may have more of a focus in research areas, while others may have more of a focus in management practices. To get a general idea of what courses an online doctorate in human resources program could feature, consult the list below.
Behavior Systems and Management Thought: This course explores how management protocols have developed historically, paying specific attention to the design of systems of behavior management. The writing, research, and theory related to the evolution of these systems are considered and reflected upon.
Groups and Social Identity: A seminar that is designed to give an in-depth look at topics concerning teams, groups, and social identity. Extensive research and theory is examined around social psychology, organizational behavior, sport psychology, sociology, and public affairs.
Social Capital: Theory and Applications: In this seminar, social capital is investigated in all its forms according to its effects on organizational behavior. Drawing on sociology, economics, organizational theory, and business strategy, the course leverages different methods in social capital research to complement lectures by senior research staff.
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GET AN ONLINE DOCTORATE IN HUMAN RESOURCES?
A Ph.D. program is one of the most time-intensive academic tracks an individual can strive to complete, taking as long as six to eight years to complete, depending on the amount of coursework an applicant has completed through an adjacent master's program or the type of doctorate being pursued. In addition, the pace at which a student completes coursework may vary according to their availability and commitment level.
Business-centric Ph.D. programs take slightly less time than most other doctorates, with most full-time students completing all requirements within four to five years. Some online doctoral programs in human resources may begin their degree path in a cohort model, which requires applicants to enter a doctorate program together as a group to properly facilitate online discussions and forum usage. In general, requirements for completing an educational human resource development Ph.D. online include 90-120 credits of coursework, but the requirements may vary from school to school.
Accreditation for Online Doctorate in Human Resources Degrees
Accreditation is important to maintain a high standard of education by differentiation between accredited schools and those that have not met a minimum standard. Regional accreditation is a process undertaken by a college or school to conform to that standard through inspection and evaluation by a third-party organization. Regional accreditation is generally considered to be more prestigious compared to national accreditation.
National accreditation is a separate but necessary requirement of any college to receive federal grants or aid. There is no specific accreditation required in addition to regional or national accreditation for those earning an online doctorate in human resources, but some programs work directly with governmental bodies or local businesses and may offer exclusive internship opportunities. In addition, business-centered programs have their own accreditation bodies, such as the ACBSP (Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs) and the AACSB (Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business).
The Department of Education was formed to regulate policies concerning all schools and colleges within the United States, as well as to coordinate federal assistance for education, gather data about schools, and enforce federal laws regarding education. It works to promote the success of education within the United States, but has no direct hand in the accreditation process itself. The CHEA and similar bodies work to maintain educational standards and keep universities competitive with colleges and schools within the US, and with institutions of higher learning around the world. Interested applicants may look for one of the seven organizations that make up the Council of Regional Accrediting Commissions. A list of universities with national accreditation is available directly from the U.S. Department of Education.
Employment Outlook for Doctorate in Human Resources Graduates
Although a bachelor's degree can help get your foot in the door as far as consultation and teaching positions go, the employment rates are higher for business leaders who receive a graduate degree. Georgetown University's Center on Education and the Workforce (CEW) has found in a recent report that business professionals with a graduate degree, such as graduates who have completed a Ph.D. in human resources online program, faced a 4.2% unemployment rate. By comparison, the unemployment rate for business leaders with a bachelor's degree and some professional experience is recorded as 4.8%, and 7.0% for recent graduates without experience.
|Business Specialty||Unemployment Rate for Experienced College Graduates (%)||Unemployment Rate for Graduate Degree Holders (%)|
|Business Management and Administration||5.4%||4.4%|
|Operations Logistics and E-Commerce||5.5%||5.5%|
|Marketing and Marketing Research||6.0%||5.4%|
DOCTORATE IN HUMAN RESOURCES SALARY
In addition to natural variation between workplaces, the level of professional experience of a graduate or Ph.D.-holder will impact the annual earnings of a position within the industry. The following table features data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics regarding the states with the highest-paying salaries for the position of management analyst.
|State||Employment||Hourly Mean Wage||Annual Mean Wage|
DOCTORATE IN HUMAN RESOURCES CAREERS
The career paths that a human resource development online Ph.D. prepares for include the highest levels of business and administration, as well as individual entrepreneurship. Detail-oriented individuals might find satisfaction in a research position at a business school or as a professor of human resources theory and practice. More generalist-oriented individuals might find themselves gravitating towards an administrative position within a corporation or business. Whatever your inclination, a doctorate ensures the highest level of expertise and preparation.
- Management Analysts
A management analyst, or management consultant researches different ways to improve the efficiency of an organization. Typically, they advise organizational managers on how to make a business more profitable.
Median Annual Salary - $81,330
Projected Growth Rate - 14%
A professor, or postsecondary teacher, leads a student body through a wide variety of career, academic, and technical subjects. Professors are also intimately involved with research, student advising, and the administration of institutions of higher learning.
Median Annual Salary - $75,430
Projected Growth Rate - 13%
- Administrative Services Managers
Administrative services managers are involved with the support services within an organization, and are directly involved in the maintenance of facilities, supervision of recordkeeping, as well as mail distribution, organizational structure, and office workflow design.
Median Annual Salary - $90,050
Projected Growth Rate - 8%
- Training and Development Managers
A training and development manager directs and coordinates all programs within an organization surrounding the training and skill-orientation of that organization's employees. They also coordinate development specialists and orientation activities.
Median Annual Salary - $105,830
Projected Growth Rate - 7%
- Compensation and Benefits Managers
Compensation and benefits managers develop and oversee the pay structure of an organization. Retirement, health insurance, and benefits packages are all directed and managed through the office of this management position.
Median Annual Salary - $116,240
Projected Growth Rate - 6%
Leading organizations in the field of human resources management have developed ways to help emerging professionals and recent graduates gain access to networking opportunities, attend conferences, and obtain career services. These organizations, such as the Society for Human Resource Management and WorldatWork, offer continued education and training in the field of human resource management. In addition, these organizations can be leveraged to forge key relationships with current business leaders in both the public and private sector.
Financing Your Online Doctorate in Human Resources Program
Students should do research on FAFSA loans to understand funding opportunities like scholarships, grants, loans, and work-study. Many low-interest rate funds exist with banks and lending partners in education. Certain bodies also exist to further the scholarship, grant, and fellowship opportunities for online doctoral programs in human resources candidates, such as the Society for Human Resource Management, The International Public Management Association for Human Resources, and the National Academy of Human Resources. Certain college programs are also eligible for tax breaks and some military organizations cover the cost of education in exchange for service.
Approximately two-thirds of today's college students rely on loans to fund their education, but there are plenty of overlooked financing options you can use to reduce your overall student debt.
Completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is a crucial first step for any student with financial needs. Our FAFSA guide features a step-by-step rundown on the process and answers to several frequently asked questions.
Financial aid for online learning is equivalent to what you'll find for campus-based learning, but that hasn't always been the case. Learn about the changes that have taken place, as well as the different funding opportunities available to online students.
Online college programs can be a flexible, affordable option for single parents who are interested in earning a degree and securing their family's financial future. We've compiled a list of scholarships, grants, and other financial aid options geared toward single moms and dads.
Millions of dollars in free money is available to U.S. military personnel, but much of it goes unused. Learn more about grants, scholarships, and other financial aid opportunities available to veterans, active-duty service members, and reservists.
- Best Online Doctorate in Human Services in 2018
School Location Liberty University Lynchburg, VA The University of Texas at Tyler Tyler, TX University of Arkansas Fayetteville, AR University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Champaign, IL
- Best Online Doctorate in Human Services in 2017
School Location Liberty University Lynchburg, VA The University of Texas at Tyler Tyler, TX University of Arkansas Fayetteville, AR University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Champaign, IL