Are you an analytical individual looking to jumpstart your career? Do you hold an undergraduate degree? Are passionate about public policy and have an eye for nuance and detail? If so, a master of public policy (MPP) or master of public administration (MPA) might just be the perfect degree for you.

MPP degrees are prestigious, flexible, multidisciplinary, and prepare graduates for a variety of professional positions

MPP and MPA programs prepare students for an array of administrative, detail-oriented positions. These programs are ideal preparation for city manager, policy director, policy public analyst, and even law enforcement positions. As U.S. News reports, it's not uncommon for students to switch from a law degree to an MPP or MPA after learning about the field.

These degrees are prestigious, flexible, multidisciplinary, and prepare graduates for a variety of professional positions. Policy analysts, for example, draw from the social sciences to better understand which factors lead to the formulation of public policy and how future policy can be both effective and ethical. The degree can also be lucrative: according to, an environmental health director with 10 years of experience and a master's degree earns a median yearly salary of $111,000.

MPP and MPA course curriculums vary by institution. However, each program stresses interdisciplinary application while challenging students to examine policy from all angles. Many programs also require that students complete a relevant internship before graduation.

Every community in the United States requires policy consideration, both in the public and private spheres. As established communities grow and new communities develop, the need for MPP or MPA-holding professionals will only increase over time. By earning your MPP or MPA online, you can work toward earning your degree while maintaining a full-time job.

Learn more about what policy analysts do, why they're so important, and how an MPP or MPA can enrich you both personally and professionally with this useful guide.

Choosing a Program

Will an online MPP or MPA provide me with the skills I need to advance my career?

One of the major advantages of MPP and MPA programs is that students with any type of undergraduate degree can pursue them and shift their career toward a new, policy-related direction.

While exactly how they're defined varies from institution to institution, at their core, MPP and MPA degrees hone an analytic approach to policy. In turn, they're well-suited for city, state, and federal government positions where policy is a major factor. They're also broadly applicable within the private sphere, particularly wherever interpretation, analysis, or the crafting of internal or external policy plays a significant role.

Will an online MPP or MPA work with my schedule?

Online degrees allow students to tailor their coursework around busy schedules while meeting the rigorous demands of traditional, on-site coursework. Recent advances in technology, such as the widespread availability of handheld devices capable of live streaming, have led to major advances in online classroom capabilities.

Some schools offer hybrid programs where course curriculum is partially on-site and partially online, whereas others offer programs that are entirely web-based. Online courses are excellent options for students with professional or personal commitments that may otherwise interfere with traditional classroom schedules.

It always helps to be prepared. If you haven't taken the GRE yet, you should read our guide to the test. Be sure to pay close attention to the program's online MPP and MPA program requirements before applying to avoid any unexpected complications. For example, while a course may be conducted online, it may still require the completion of an internship before the degree is awarded.

What jobs can I get with my MPP or MPA degree?

MPP and MPA degrees are ideal for a broad swathe of positions. These positions often fuse analysis and administration: MPP and MPA-appropriate positions may either focus on analysis of current or past policy, or positions may involve the development of future policy—and its potential benefits and ramifications.

MPP and MPA holders play an integral role in day to day operations in both the public and private spheres, from all levels of government to administrative positions in the private sector. Examples positions include policy director, city manager, policy public analyst, law enforcement, and public relations consultant.

What are the best online MPP and MPA programs?

What qualifies an online MPP or MPA program as the best ultimately depends on personal preference. Only you can decide which MPP or MPA programs are best for your goals and needs. Consider the list below as a starting point for that very personal decision.

The first step in identifying the best program for you should involve a comparison of available programs and how they differ from one another. The list below is an excellent place to begin that search.

Our rankings are based on a variety of factors. These factors include career support services, available specializations, student outcomes, and course availability.

Before deciding on a program, we strongly recommend contacting college admissions specialists to discuss program specifics, including MPP or MPA programs requirements.

Accredited Online Master's in Public Policy Programs

What else can I expect from an MPP or MPA program?

Timeline 2 years; Full-Time
Credit Hours 36
Concentrations Some programs offer public or private sector specialization options.
Accreditation Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and Administration (NASPAA)
Additional Considerations Programs may require completion of a relevant internship before graduation.

Employment outlook for MPP and MPA Graduates

Job placement: MPP and MPA graduates

Because MPP and MPA degree programs don't require a specific undergraduate area of study, candidates considering the employment benefits of MPP or MPA degrees are wise to consider the benefit of graduate degrees in general. Individuals with graduate degrees generally earn more and have lower unemployment rates. Additionally, more and more jobs are only available to individuals with master's degrees: According to U.S. News, "in many career sectors, such as higher ed administration, public affairs, and social services, a master's degree is replacing a bachelor's as the minimum requirement for employment."

Degree Level Median Weekly Earnings Unemployment Rate (2016)
Master's Degree $1,341 2.4%
Bachelor's Degree $1,137 2.8%
Associate's Degree $798 3.8%
Some College, No Degree $738 5.0%
High School Diploma $678 5.4%
No Diploma/GED $493 8.0%

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2015)

MPP and MPA Salary

MPP and MPA graduates see widely varying salary rates. According to U.S. News, an MPP or MPA-holding individual's decision to go into the private or public sphere has a major influence on salary levels. For example, while a court administrator with ten years of experience and a graduate degree in MPP or MPA makes an annual salary of $61,000, an environmental policy director stands to make nearly double that figure.

Position Median Annual Salary
Environmental Health Director $111,000
Compliance/Policy Director $101,000
Consultant, Public Relations $80,000
Public Policy Analyst $75,000
Court Administrator $61,000

Source: (2017)

Professional Organizations

There's no reason to go it alone. Professional connections are crucial aspects of getting the absolute most out of your MPP or MPA degree. By connecting with others within the field, you stand to gain invaluable advice, make important contacts, and benefit from crucial resources.

Below are three of the most notable organizations for professionals with MPP or MPA degrees. All three regularly host events and provide a variety of useful services for members. Some provide online job boards, continuing education, and a variety of other services. These resources are particularly valuable once your MPP or MPA degree has been completed and you prepare to enter the job market.

  • Association for Public Policy Analysis & Management (APPAM): APPAM focuses on not only connecting professionals with MPP or MPA degrees but also providing resources and opportunities.
  • The American Society for Public Administration (ASPA): The ASPA is the largest organization for public and nonprofit administration in the United States. The ASPA connects professionals in the field, including MPP and MPA degree holders.
  • Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and Administration (NASPAA): Focused specifically on individuals holding MPP or MPA degrees, NASPAA seeks to connect professionals while promoting ethical public service.

Financing Your Online MPP or MPA Program

While online programs are generally more affordable than their on-site counterparts, the majority of students still require financial assistance. To learn more about loans, grants, and other opportunities offered to students by the United States government, complete a Free Application for Student Aid (FAFSA).

Additionally, scholarships and grants from private, non-government sources are frequently available by way of companies, nonprofits, and others. Browse our handy collection of resources below to start your search.


Approximately two-thirds of today's college students rely on loans to fund their education, but there are plenty of overlooked financing options you can use to reduce your overall student debt.


Completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is a crucial first step for any student with financial needs. Our FAFSA guide features a step-by-step rundown on the process and answers to several frequently asked questions.


Financial aid for online learning is equivalent to what you'll find for campus-based learning, but that hasn't always been the case. Learn about the changes that have taken place, as well as the different funding opportunities available to online students.


Online college programs can be a flexible, affordable option for single parents who are interested in earning a degree and securing their family's financial future. We've compiled a list of scholarships, grants, and other financial aid options geared toward single moms and dads.


Millions of dollars in free money is available to U.S. military personnel, but much of it goes unused. Learn more about grants, scholarships, and other financial aid opportunities available to veterans, active-duty service members, and reservists.

Rankings Archive

Best Online Master's in Public Policy of 2018
Ranking School Location
1 Northwestern University Evanston, IL
2 American University Washington, DC
3 Indiana University-Bloomington Bloomington, IN
4 Norwich University Northfield, VT
5 University of Missouri-Columbia Columbia, MO
6 Liberty University Lynchburg, VA
7 University of Nebraska at Omaha Omaha, NE
8 Valdosta State University Valdosta, GA
9 Park University Parkville, MO
10 University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth North Dartmouth, MA
Best Online Master's in Public Policy of 2017
Rank School Location
1 Northwestern University Evanston, IL
2 American University Washington, DC
3 Indiana University-Bloomington Bloomington, IN
4 Norwich University Northfield, VT
5 University of Missouri-Columbia Columbia, MO
6 Liberty University Lynchburg, VA
7 University of Nebraska at Omaha Omaha, NE
8 Valdosta State University Valdosta, GA
9 Park University Parkville, MO
10 University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth North Dartmouth, MA