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A bachelor's degree takes about four years and 120 credits to complete for a full-time student. Colleges offer bachelor's degrees in many subjects, with opportunities for specialization. Students can often transfer in credit from completed associate degrees, advanced placement courses, and work experience.
These degrees prepare graduates for entry-level positions in many industries, including healthcare, business, and engineering. According to a study conducted by Georgetown University, approximately 35% of job openings in the U.S. workforce require a bachelor's degree.
Many colleges offer online bachelor degree programs in fields like the arts, math, and science. Online degrees often boast the same rigor and teach the same competencies as in-person classes.
In the fall of 2018, 16.6% of students enrolled fully online for their classes, and 35.3% of students enrolled in at least one online class. Additionally, at private, for-profit colleges, 62.5% of students enrolled fully online.
Bachelor's programs typically feature about 120 credits, and full-time learners can graduate in four years. Students usually take a mixture of general education courses and courses related to their major. Bachelor's degrees provide a foundational education that prepares graduates for the workforce. Students can also enroll in a graduate program after graduation
What Are the Best Schools to Pursue an Online Bachelor's Degree? Here Are Our Top 10 Best Online Colleges:
|1||University of Florida||Gainesville, FL|
|2||University of Central Florida||Orlando, FL|
|3||Florida International University||Miami, FL|
|4||Trine University||Fort Wayne, IN|
|5||Colorado State University Global Campus||Greenwood Village, CO|
|6||Arizona State University||Scottsdale, AZ|
|7||University of Illinois at Springfield||Springfield, IL|
|8||Northeastern University||Boston, MA|
|9||Texas Tech University||Lubbock, TX|
|10||Pennsylvania State University||University Park, PA|
Is an Online Bachelor's Degree as Good as an On-Campus Degree?
Online degrees have come a long way over the last several years. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), more than a third of undergraduate students enrolled in some form of distance learning in 2018. Additionally, U.S. News & World Report notes that most employers now accept online degrees.
Earning an online degree from an accredited institution is key for success, as is selecting a school with strong brand recognition in the student's major field of study. Since many colleges and universities use the same curricula for online and in-person degrees, the perception of online degrees among employers should continue to improve.
Online vs. Campus-Based Bachelor's Degrees
- Full-Time, On-Campus Classes
- Unrestricted access to libraries, computer labs, and other campus resources
- Courses with labs, practicum training, and other practical components
- The ability to easily meet in person with fellow students and faculty members
- A collaborative environment conducive to group studying, social interaction, and extracurricular activities
- Synchronous courses can be difficult for students with part-time jobs, family care duties, and other conflicting commitments
- Larger class sizes may mean less individualized attention from teachers
- Higher costs related to living accommodations, commuting and parking, and other expenses
- Evening/Weekend Classes
- Course calendars built around work schedules
- Some college students are better learners at night
- Ample time to study and prepare before each class meeting
- Synchronous courses can be difficult for students with part-time jobs, family care duties, and other conflicting commitments
- Class sessions are longer in order to meet curricular requirements
- Night and weekend meetings can interfere with family time and social activities
- Hybrid/Blended Classes
- Blending online and on-campus learning can provide students with the best of both worlds
- The format allows students to easily review classroom lectures with online playback tools
- Fewer campus visits cuts down on parking, commuting, and other overhead costs and may eliminate the need to live on campus
- The constant need for high-speed internet access may be an obstacle for some students
- Students who excel best in the classroom may struggle with online components, and vice versa
- Many degrees are not available in this format
- Online Classes
- Many online classes use asynchronous delivery, allowing learners to study at their own pace, freeing up more time for employment, family, and social activities
- Technology enables students to complete all course assignments at home or on the go using portable Wi-Fi devices
- Online learning minimizes or eliminates overhead costs related to living accommodations, meal plans, commuting, and parking
- Students who thrive on social interaction and individualized attention from teachers may have a hard time
- While overhead costs are lower, students may incur additional costs for changing majors, taking more than four years to complete their degree, failing courses, or being unable to transfer credits
How Long Does It Take to Get an Online Bachelor's Degree?
According to NCES data from 2015-2016, the median completion time for a bachelor's degree was 52 months. Approximately 44% of first-time bachelor's students who graduated in 2015-2016 completed their degree within 48 months of initial enrollment.
Bachelor's programs offered at semester-based schools generally require about 120 credits, while those on a quarter system require around 180. However, in both cases, full-time students usually graduate in about four years.
|Grade Level||Semester-Based Program Credits||Quarter-Based Program Credits|
Many factors can affect how long it takes to earn a bachelor's degree online. Some subjects require more credits than others. Additionally, learners who enter a bachelor's program with some completed college credits may need less time to complete their remaining courses.
Many online programs also use a cohort format, in which a group of students enters the program at the same time and completes courses together. Educational cohorts can build camaraderie among web-based students who are unable to interact in classrooms; however, students in self-paced programs may be able to complete their coursework in less time.
- What Is an Accelerated Bachelor's Degree?
Accelerated online bachelor's programs may feature shorter terms throughout the year, allowing you to graduate more quickly. During accelerated programs, instructors move through material more quickly than in regular degree tracks. As such, students who enroll in an accelerated program may need to set aside other obligations while they are working toward their degree.
- What Is a Degree Completion Program?
Sometimes, students cannot complete their degree on the standard timeline. Life gets in the way, presenting learners with unexpected obstacles and complications. Fortunately, degree completion programs are designed to allow students to pick up where they left off.
These programs can help nontraditional students — learners who did not take the typical four-year route — complete their undergraduate degree. Degree completion programs often accept up to 90 transfer credits. These programs are particularly useful for learners who have already earned an associate degree.
How Much Does an Online Bachelor's Degree Cost?
An online bachelor's degree normally costs tens of thousands of dollars in tuition alone. As such, cost is one of the most important factors when choosing between different undergraduate programs.
In addition to tuition prices, students may need to pay for textbooks and course supplies, administrative and online learning fees, and interest. They must also take into account living expenses like rent/mortgage payments, utility and internet bills, and food.
A recent survey by the WICHE Cooperative for Educational Technologies (WCET) found that 75% of online courses are the same price as equivalent on-campus courses.
Additionally, out-of-state students attending a public university often pay less for online courses than they would for on-campus courses; many schools charge all online learners in-state tuition rates. Online courses at private colleges tend to be more expensive than those at four-year institutions.
Approximately 54% of respondents to the WCET survey reported that students enrolled completely online do not pay as many fees as their on-campus counterparts.
- Commuting Costs
In addition to saving money on commuting and parking, online students also save more time by living at home, rather than traveling back and forth to campus.
Course materials for online students are often available in a digital format, which can significantly reduce the price.
- Living Costs
Students who live at home as opposed to on or near campus may be able to stay in an area with a lower cost of living.
- Calculating the True Cost of an Online Program
- Guide to Budgeting in College
- How to Save for College: Essential Tips and Savings Plans
How Much Financial Aid Can I Receive for My Online Bachelor's Degree?
Paying for college is one of the main sources of student stress. College tuition costs have risen significantly in recent years, and millions of U.S. students depend on financial aid to pay for their bachelor's degrees.
However, a large amount of financial aid goes unclaimed each year. A recent survey by NerdWallet noted that high school graduates missed out on as much as $2.6 billion in free federal grant money during the 2018-19 academic year. Be sure to complete the FAFSA to take advantage of available aid.
Average Aid per Full-Time Equivalent Student 2018-2019
Source: College Board
Applying for Aid
Most college students apply for financial aid from the government, schools, and independent organizations. Online students can apply for many of the same opportunities as on-campus students, as well as some scholarships designed specifically for virtual learners.
Individuals should always make sure their online program holds the appropriate accreditation. Students must attend an accredited school to receive federal financial aid. Find out more about accreditation for online programs through this guide.
Students should also determine whether they qualify for scholarship and grant opportunities from state governments and nonprofit organizations.
- Scholarships and Financial Aid for Online College Students
- Understanding the FAFSA
- Guide to College Loans
How Much Do Bachelor's Degree-Holders Make?
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), as of September 2019, bachelor's degree-holders earned a median weekly salary of $1,248 — about 41% more than associate degree-holders ($887 per week).
The BLS also reported a 2.2% unemployment rate for bachelor's degree-holders, compared to rates of 2.7% for associate degree-holders and 3.7% for those with only a high school diploma.
|Education Level||Unemployment Rate||Median Weekly Earnings|
|High School Diploma||3.7%||$746|
How Do I Choose an Online Bachelor's Degree?
Earning an online bachelor's degree involves a substantial investment of time and money; choosing the right program requires extensive research and careful scrutiny. Before settling on a program, here are a few important criteria to consider.
Is the program within your budget? Does the school offer scholarships and/or grants for online students? How much do bachelor's graduates typically earn after leaving the school? Be sure to calculate all student expenses, not just tuition, to reach an accurate cost estimate.
Asynchronous courses allow you to complete coursework without any scheduled course meetings. However, some students fare better with the structured learning of synchronous programs, which require participants to attend regularly scheduled meetings.
Some online programs include limited on-campus requirements; if you live far from campus, this can add to your overhead costs. Additionally, you may prefer to live closer to campus to take advantage of the library, gym, writing center, and other student resources.
- Nonprofit vs. For-Profit
In recent years, a handful of for-profit online colleges and universities have received criticism for providing lackluster or fraudulent academic programs with marginal student outcomes. In many cases, this has resulted in a large number of students with sizable debt who are unable to obtain the jobs they want.
As such, it is critical to carefully vet each school for past criticisms, controversies, and negative press. Nonprofit schools often have better overall reputations, but you should also review these institutions before making a decision.
- Private vs. Public
The decision between attending a private college and a public university is often heavily influenced by the overall cost. Online courses may be less expensive than on-campus courses for students attending private colleges and out-of-state students attending public universities.
What Are the Types of Bachelor's Degrees?
Some fields of study offer more than one degree type. For example, many colleges and universities offer BA and BS tracks in subjects like psychology, criminal justice, accounting, economics, and marketing. Schools may also offer degrees in subjects like art, music, and theatre as either a BA or a BFA.
- Bachelor of Arts
A bachelor of arts focuses on well-rounded liberal arts studies. The curriculum includes courses in social sciences, humanities and fine arts, and foreign languages. Students must also complete course sequences related to their academic major, but these may be less extensive than those in a BS or BFA track.
BA degrees are typically available in fields like English; communication; writing and journalism; and social sciences like sociology, anthropology, and political science.
- Bachelor of Science
A bachelor of science degree focuses on a scientific or technical field. Coursework delves into practical areas and often involves fieldwork. BS programs typically feature longer major course sequences. This type of degree is available in subjects like computer science and information technology, nursing, mathematics, biology, physics, and engineering.
- Bachelor of Fine Arts
A bachelor of fine arts is designed for students seeking a degree in visual or performing arts, including poetry, art, photography, music, dance, theatre, and art history. BFA degrees often require studio work and live performances.
Due to these extensive artistic requirements, BFA degrees are often only offered on campus.
What Are the Most Popular Majors?
Many students choose majors that can help them along their chosen career path. Learners who are uncertain about their future career plans often choose majors in business or the arts, gaining a solid set of ubiquitous, marketable skills.
The most popular majors for a bachelor's program change somewhat from year to year. The following list provides the most popular bachelor's degrees in the 2016-2017 school year according to NCES:
Applying to an Online Bachelor's Program
The admissions process varies from college to college and even from program to program. Readers should always conduct thorough research on each school's admission requirements before applying.
Many on-campus and online programs require the same application materials and coursework. Below, readers can learn more about common admission requirements.
Common Admission Requirements
ACT or SAT Scores
High school seniors and transfer students (depending on their age) may need to submit standardized test scores. Some colleges prefer one test over the other, while others accept scores from either. Adult learners can often take a placement test in lieu of a standardized test.
Almost all colleges require that applicants possess a high school or GED diploma.
Colleges often request 1-3 letters of recommendation from applicants. Teachers and employers commonly write these letters.
High School Transcripts
High school seniors and transfer students usually need to submit high school and/or college transcripts. Some adult learners may also need to supply transcripts. Applicants can request official transcripts by contacting a high school counseling office or college administrator.
Colleges may set a GPA minimum for all applicants. Specific programs may also set their own GPA cutoffs.
An essay or personal statement allows applicants to explain why they want to attend a particular school. Colleges look for unique viewpoints that stand out from the crowd.
Interview With an Expert
Lynne Lander Fleisher
To gain some personal insight into the opportunities a bachelor's degree can provide, we spoke with Lynne Lander Fleisher, director of Clarion Online at Clarion University of Pennsylvania.
- In your opinion, is earning an online bachelor's degree easier than earning a traditional, on-campus degree?
No. An online degree format provides a student the opportunity for education where brick-and-mortar is simply not an option.
They do not meet at a specific time or place, but the challenge for the student is creating a learning space in their own environment that will inspire them to keep up with the course work, especially for those who have been out of school for a while or are just entering school for the first time. These students are not "technology natives," and they need/demand excellent support.
Students who are transferring from a traditional brick-and-mortar learning background after a few years may find themselves needing the flexibility of the online environment. Students may grapple with allowing their minds to think differently and adapting to the new learning style.
Students must possess comprehensive reading skills, great time management skills, and a self-motivated personality. A student should be their own best advocate and never settle for less. Be proactive, ask lots of questions, and don't apologize for asking them.
- Have opinions of fully online programs changed in the recent years?
Absolutely. Students need degree completion options. These options provide access to higher paying jobs. Stackable credentials are a must.
- Do employers respect online bachelor's degrees?
The direct answer is yes. Employers applaud educational institutions who have built online programs to meet the needs of their industry demands and the needs of their employees. The employee benefits from the educational opportunity while being able to continue working.
- How much work is it to get an online bachelor's degree? How much time does it take?
The degree of "work" is dependent upon the prior knowledge of the student. Most classes require about 6-9 hours per week. I offer this online readiness quiz to put it into perspective
- Can a student earn an online bachelor's degree while simultaneously working full time?
Yes. We have many students at Clarion University of Pennsylvania who work full time and are enrolled in courses. There is no time limit, and it is up to the student to decide (with the help of their academic advisor) how many classes to take each semester.
We want our students to complete their degree in a timely manner and excel academically! No one knows the student's time constraints better than the student.
- Who is the ideal student for an online bachelor's program?
Ideal students are those who possess comprehensive reading skills, great time management skills, and a self-motivated personality. A student must be honest with themselves about what career and family commitments they have and be able to discern how much time they can realistically devote to their academic pursuits. We are here to support them in this critical decision.